Encyclopedia of Diasporas

2005 Edition
| Editors: Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember, Ian Skoggard

Sikh Diaspora

  • Darshan S. Tatla
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29904-4_27


The Sikhs are a religious community of India, estimated at 20 million, just 2% of India’s population of one billion in the 2001 census. Of every 100 Sikhs in the world, 65 live in the Punjab, 30 in the rest of the Indian provinces, and 5 are abroad. The overseas Sikh population is estimated between 1 and 1.25 million. The importance of overseas Sikhs is underlined by the fact that due to the peculiar history of emigration from the Punjab, Sikhs’ destinations and settlement patterns have been characteristically different from the rest of Indian emigration. In addition, the Sikh settlement in three major western countries, namely the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, where they constitute a far higher proportion of Indian immigrants, is of considerable importance. In the 1980s, the support of overseas Sikhs for a Sikh homeland and their rallying to the defense of Punjab, besides inviting the ire of India, drew parallels with the Jews, the Palestinians, and other...


Religious Tradition Host Society Primary Migration Royal Canadian Mount Police Diasporic Community 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Darshan S. Tatla

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