Encyclopedia of Diasporas

2005 Edition
| Editors: Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember, Ian Skoggard

Polish Diaspora

  • Dominic A. Pacyga
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29904-4_25

This entry deals with the ethnic Polish Christian emigration from the lands now or once under Polish rule. Like much of Eastern and Central Europe, the Polish lands contained a mixture of ethnic groups: Poles, Polish Jews, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Lithuanians, Germans, and Czechs, among others. Their story, while separate, is intimately connected to Polish emigration, but will not be the focus of this entry.

Immigration History

Emigrants have left Poland for centuries traveling across the globe and creating communities often referred to as Polonia. By the beginning of the twenty-first century some 20 million people living in more than 90 countries claimed Polish ancestry. This number is equal to about half of the current population of Poland. These Polonia communities have existed both within and outside of Europe since the end of the eighteenth century. About 10 million Poles emigrated from Poland between 1860 and 1914, and of these, 3,600,000 left permanently. Another 2 million...


Polish Population Polish Community Large Estate Economic Migration Agricultural Settlement 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominic A. Pacyga

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