Encyclopedia of Diasporas

2005 Edition
| Editors: Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember, Ian Skoggard

Palestinian Diaspora

  • Samih K. Farsoun
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29904-4_23


The Palestinians are the indigenous people of Palestine. Palestine as a name and a province emerged in the Roman period. After the Romans, the Byzantine Empire controlled Palestine. Byzantine-Hellenic culture and the Greek language of the times were dominant in the region. Early in the seventh century a.d., after the rise of Islam, Palestine and the region became Arab and largely Muslim. Christians and tiny minorities of Jews continued to live there because they were accepted as “People of the Book”—the Bible. Palestine remained Arab (Islamic and Christian) until 1948, when the state of Israel was established. Palestine was dismembered as a patrimony and destroyed as a society, and most of its Arab people dispossessed and dispersed into a modem diaspora. This tragedy is known to the Palestinians as Al-Nakbah (Arabic for “The Catastrophe”).

The United Nations voted a resolution (UN General Assembly Resolution 194) affirming the right of return for the Palestinian refugees...


Host Country Arabian Peninsula Refugee Camp Gaza Strip Partition Plan 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Abu-Lughod, J. (1980). Demographic characteristics of Palestinian population: Relevance for planning Palestine Open University. Palestine Open University feasibility study, Part 2. Pads: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  2. Abu-Sitta, S. (2001). The right of return: Sacred, legal and possible. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 195–207). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  3. Aruri, N. (2001). Towards convening a congress of return and self-determination. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 260–271). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  4. Aruri, N. (2003). Dishonest broker, The U.S. role in Israel and Palestine. Boston: South End Press.Google Scholar
  5. Aruri, N., & Farsoun, S. (1980). Palestinian communities and Arab host countries. In K. Nakhleh & E. Zureik (Eds.), The sociology of the Palestinians. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bishara, A. (2000). The Palestinians in Israel: A view from within [in Arabic]. Beirut: Center for Arab Unity Studies.Google Scholar
  7. Brand, L. (1988). Palestinians in the Arab world. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Dodd, P., & Barakat, H. (1969). River without bridges: A study of the exodus of 1967 Palestinian Arab refugees. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.Google Scholar
  9. Economic, Social and Cultural Commission of West Asia. Population Bulletin, No. 27. Beirut: Author.Google Scholar
  10. Farsoun, S. (2003). Palestine and the Palestinians [in Arabic]. Beirut: Center for Arab Unity Studies.Google Scholar
  11. Farsoun, S., & Zacharia, C. (1998). Palestine and the Palestinians. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  12. Finkelstein, N. (1995). Image and reality of the Israeli-Palestine conflict. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  13. Hagopian, E. (2001). Preface. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. vii–x). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  14. Karmi, G., & Cotran, E. (Eds.). (1999). The Palestinian exodus, 1948–1988. London: Ithaca Press.Google Scholar
  15. Khalidi, W. (1961). Plan Dalet: The Zionist masterplan for the conquest of Palestine, 1948. Middle East Forum, 1961 (November), 22–28.Google Scholar
  16. Masalha, N. (2001). Historical roots of the Palestinian refugee question. In N. Aruri, (Ed.) Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 36–67). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  17. McCarthy, J. (2001). Palestine’s population during the Ottoman and British Mandate periods. Available at: http://www.palestineremembered.comGoogle Scholar
  18. Morris, B. (1987). The birth of the Palestine refugee problem, 1947–1948. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Nazzal, N. (1978). The Palestinian exodus from Galilee. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.Google Scholar
  20. Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics. (2003). Available at: http://www.pcbs.orgGoogle Scholar
  21. Palumbo, M. (1987). The Palestinian catastrophe: The 1948 expulsion of a people from their homeland. London: Quartet Books.Google Scholar
  22. Pappe, I. (1999). Were they expelled?: The history, historiography and relevance of the Palestinian refugee problem. In G. Karmi & E. Cotran (Eds.), The Palestinian exodus, 1948–1988 (pp. 37–61). London: Ithaca Press.Google Scholar
  23. Pappe, I. (2001). Israeli perceptions of the refugee question. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 71–76). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  24. Rouhana, N. (1997). Palestinian citizens in an ethnic Jewish state. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Said, E. W. (2001a). Introduction: The right of return at last. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 1–6). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  26. Said, W. (2001b). The obligations of host countries to refugees under international law: The case of Lebanon. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 123–151). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  27. Sayigh, R. (1979). Palestinians: From peasants to revolutionaries. London: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  28. Sayigh, R. (1994). Too many enemies: The Palestinian experience in Lebanon. London: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  29. Suleiman, J. (2001). The Palestinian Liberation Organization: From the right of return to Bantustan. In N. Aruri (Ed.), Palestinian refugees, the right of return (pp. 87–102). London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  30. United Nations Relief and Works Agency. (2003). Available at: http://www.un.org/unrwa/publication s/statis-01.htmlGoogle Scholar
  31. Zahlan, A. B., & Zahlan, R. S. (1977). The Palestinian future: Education and manpower. Journal of Palestine Studies, 6(4Summer), 103–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zureik, E. (1978). Palestinians in Israel: A study in internal colonialism. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  33. Zureik, E. (1997). Palestinian refugees and the peace process [in Arabic]. Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samih K. Farsoun

There are no affiliations available