Encyclopedia of Diasporas

2005 Edition
| Editors: Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember, Ian Skoggard

Oceanian Diaspora

  • David A. Chappell
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-29904-4_22

Oceania is what Tongan scholar Epeli Hau‵fa calls a “sea of islands.” Rather than isolated, powerless dots scattered across the heart of the Pacific Ocean, these thousands of insular worlds were once interconnected by webs of ancient sailing routes. Today, Hau‵fa argues, Oceanians are extending their voyaging frontiers to the anglophone Pacific rim, usually by air travel, as they seek alternative sources of modern wages, goods, health care, and education. This indigenous perspective is provocatively empowering and designed to counter arguments that contemporary “outmigration” from Oceania is a sign of economic dependency by overpopulated islands on external industrial resources. In fact, the long-term history of the region is one of ongoing diasporas from (1) first settlement and maritime exchange networks through (2) initial adaptation to European shipping and overseas employment opportunities to (3) today’s circulation between resource-poor homelands and industrial countries. Both...


Trade Good Postal Money Overseas Migrant Foreign Ship Bark Cloth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Hau‵ofa, E. (1994). Our sea of islands. The Contemporary Pacific, 6(1), 148–61.Google Scholar
  2. Kirch, P. (2000). On the road of the winds: An archeological history of the Pacific Islands before European contact. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar


  1. Bertram, G., & Watters, R. (1985). The MIRAB economy in South Pacific micro-states. Pacific Viewpoint, 26(3), 497–519.Google Scholar
  2. Buck, P. (1959). Vikings of the Pacific. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. Chappell, D. (1997). Double ghosts: Oceanian voyagers on Euroamerican ships. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  4. Chappell, D. (1999). Transnationalism in Central Oceanian politics: A dialectic of diasporas and nationhood? Journal of the Polynesian Society, 108(3September), 277–303.Google Scholar
  5. Connell, J. (1988). Sovereignty and survival: Island microstates in the third world. Sydney, Australia: University of Sydney, Department of Geography.Google Scholar
  6. Denoon, D., Meleisea, M., Firth, S., Linnekin, J., & Nero, K. (1997). The Cambridge history of the Pacific Islanders. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Howe, K. R. (1984). Where the waves fall: A new South Sea Islands history from first settlement to colonial rule. Honolulu: University of Hawai‵i Press.Google Scholar
  8. Irwin, G. (1992). The prehistoric exploration and colonisation of the Pacific. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Moore, C. (1985). Kanaka: A history of the Melanesian Mackay. Port Moresby: University of Papua New Guinea Press.Google Scholar
  10. Oliver, D. (1989). Oceania. Honolulu: University of Hawai‵i.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Chappell

There are no affiliations available