Polaris is the name of a parallelizing compiler and research compiler infrastructure. Polaris performs source-to-source translation; programs written in the Fortran language are converted into restructured Fortran programs – typically annotated with directives that express parallelism. Polaris was created in the mid-1990s at the University of Illinois and was one of the most advanced freely available tools of its kind.
Polaris aimed at pushing the forefront of automatic parallelization (see Parallelization, Automatic) and, at the same time, providing the research community with an infrastructure for exploring program analysis and transformation techniques. Polaris followed several earlier projects with similar goals, a key distinction being that the development of this new compiler was driven by real applications. While the benchmarks that prompted earlier parallelizing compiler research were typically small, challenging...
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