Advertisement

Partner Abuse

  • K. Daniel O’Leary
  • Heidi Lary Kar
Reference work entry

Abstract:

Partner violence was almost unknown in the 1960s, but the field of intimate partner violence (IPV) has become widely known and there are now a number of specialty journals that cover this topic. The early stages of the field involved major surveys about the prevalence of IPV and many studies on correlates and predictors of IPV. It is now known that IPV occurs in about 10% of the general populations of men and women and that there is a clear need to assess for IPV in clinical populations. Fortunately, there are measures of IPV, Fear of Partner, and Injury, and these assessment instruments can be used by any clinician. Treatment of IPV for men mandated by courts to intervention programs has a small but significant effect over and above monitoring by the courts, but there is a strong need for treatment of differing levels of aggression. It is quite possible that treatments could be successful for men and women who engage in infrequent physical aggressive to their partners and who do not make them fearful or injure them.

Clinicians need to know the ethics of reporting of partner abuse, how to develop safety plans with a client, availability of local shelters, how and when to treat substance abuse, and when to treat marital problems. There is no one size fits all treatment, and some low level IPV can be treated conjointly whereas severe IPV may require both group and/or individual treatment for the perpetrator. Careful assessment and case conceptualization regarding risk factors for the IPV are needed to determine the best treatment options.

Keywords

Intimate Partner Violence Domestic Violence Partner Violence Mental Health Professional Physical Aggression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Babcock, J. C., Green, C. E., & Robie, C. (2004). Does batterers’ treatment work? A meta-analytic review of domestic violence treatment. Clinical Psychology Review, 23, 1023–1053.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bograd, M. & Mederos, F. (1999). Battering and couples therapy: Universal screening and selection of treatment modality. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 25, 291–312.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, P. D. & O’Leary, K. D. (2000). Therapeutic alliance: Predicting continuance and success in group treatment for spouse abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 340–345.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bushman, B. J. & Anderson, C. A. (2001). Is it time to pull the plug on the hostile versus instrumental aggression dichotomy? Psychological Review, 108, 273–279.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Byrne, C. A. & Arias, I. (1997). Marital satisfaction and marital violence: Moderating effects of attributional processes. Journal of Family Psychology, 11, 188–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Campbell, J. C. (1995). Prediction of homicide of and by battered women. In Campbell, J. (Ed.), Assessing dangerousness: Violence by sexual offenders, batterers, and child abusers (pp. 96–113). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  7. Campbell, J. C., Webster, D., Koziol-McLain, J. et al. (2003). Risk factors for femicide in abusive relationships: Results from a multi-site case control study. American Journal of Public Health, 93(7), 1089–1097.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Capaldi, D. M., Shortt, J. W., & Kim, H. K. (2005). A life span developmental systems perspective on aggression toward a partner. In Pinsof, W. M. & Lebow, J. (Eds.), Family psychology: The art of the science (pp. 141–167). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, S. & O’Leary, K. D. (2007). Development and Validation of the Fear of Partner Scale: a screening tool for university counseling centers. Unpublished manuscript. Stony Brook, NY: Stony Brook University.Google Scholar
  10. Cunradi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., & Schafer, J. (1999). Alcohol-related problems and intimate partner violence among White, Black, & Hispanic Couples in the U.S. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23, 1492–1501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Daly, J. E. & Pelowski, S. (2000). Predictors of dropout among men who batter: A review of studies with implications for research and practice. Violence and Victims, 15(2), 137–160.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Danielson, K. K., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspit, A. (1998). Comorbidity between abuse of an adult and DSM-III-R mental disorders: Evidence from an epidemiological study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 131–133.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Dimidjian, S., Berns, S. B., & Jacobson, N. S. (1999). Domestic violence and couple therapy: When will the fields converge? Paper presented at the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
  14. Dishion, T. J., Spracklen, K. M., Andrews, D. W., & Patterson, G. R. (1996). Deviancy training in male adolescent friendships. Behavior Therapy, 27, 373–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression. In Pepler, D. J. & Rubin, K. H. (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 201–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  16. Dutton, D. G. (1995). The domestic assault of women: Psychological and criminal justice perspectives. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.Google Scholar
  17. Dutton, D. G. (2007). The abusive personality: Violence and control in intimate relationships (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
  18. Easton, C. J. & Sinha, R. (2002). Treating the addicted male batterer: Promising directions for dual-focused programming. In Wekerle, C. & Wall, A. (Eds.), The violence and addiction equation: Theoretical and clinical issues in substance abuse and relationship violence (pp. 275–292). New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Eckhardt, C. I., Jamison, T. R., & Watts, K. (2002). Experience and expression of anger among male perpetrators of dating violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 1102–1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fals-Stewart, W. (2003). The occurrence of partner physical aggression on days of alcohol consumption: A longitudinal diary study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 41–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fals-Stewart, W., Golden, J., & Schumacher, J. (2003). Intimate partner violence and substance use: A longitudinal day-to-day examination. Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1555–1574.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fals-Stewart, W. & Kostermann, K. (2009). Substance Abuse and Intimate Partner Violence. In O’Leary, K. D. & Woodin, E. M. (Eds.), Understanding psychological and physical aggression in couples: Existing evidence and clinical implications (pp 251–269). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  23. Freed, P. & Drake, V. (1999). Mandatory reporting of abuse: Practical, moral, and legal issues for psychiatric home healthcare nurses. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 20, 423–436.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gebbie, K., Hodge, Meier, B., Barrett, D., Keith, P., Koo, D., Sweeney, P., & Winget, P. (2007). Improving competencies for public health emergency legal preparedness. Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics, Special Supplement to 36(1), 52–56.Google Scholar
  25. Gielen, A. C., O’ Campo, P. J., & Campbell, J. C. (2000). Women’s opinions about domestic violence screening and mandatory reporting. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 19, 279–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Goldkamp, J. S., Weiland, D., Collins, M., & White, M. (1996). The role of drug and alcohol abuse in domestic violence and its treatment: Dade County’s domestic violence court experiment. From the Executive Summary of a Crime and Justice Research Institute Study funded by the National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  27. Gondolf, E. (1992). Discussion of violence in psychiatric evaluations. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7(3), 334–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hansen, M., Harway, M., & Cervantes, N. (1991). Therapists’ perceptions of severity in cases of family violence. Violence and Victims, 6, 225–235.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Hart, S. D., Dutton, D. G., & Newlove, T. (1993). The prevalence of personality disorder among wife assaulters. Journal of Personality Disorders, 7, 329–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Heckert, D. S. A. & Gondolf, E. W. (2005). Do multiple outcomes and conditional factors improve the prediction of future re-assault. Violence and Victims, 20, 3–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Heyman, R. E. & Slep, A. M. S. (2006). Relational diagnoses: From reliable rationally-derived criteria to testable taxonic hypotheses. In Beach, S. R. H., Wamboldt, M., Kaslow, N., Heyman, R. E., First, M., Underwood, L. G., & Reiss, D. (Eds.), Relational processes and DSM-V: Neuroscience, assessment, prevention, and treatment (pp. 139–156). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  32. Hilberman, E. (1980). Overview: The wife beater’s wife reconsidered. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 1336–1347.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Horvath, A. O. & Symonds, B. D. (1991). Relation between working alliance and outcome in psychotherapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38, 139–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hudson, W. W. (1982). The clinical measurement package: A field manual. Homewood: Dorsey.Google Scholar
  35. Jacobson, N. S. & Gottman, J. (1998). When men batter women: New insights into ending abusive relationships. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  36. Jacobson, N. S., Gottman, J. M., Waltz, J., Rushe, R., Babcock, J., & Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (1994). Affect, verbal content, and psychophysiology in the arguments of couples with a violent husband. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 982–988.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Johnson, M. P. (1995). Patriarchal terrorism and common couple violence: Two forms of violence against women. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 283–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Jose, A. & O’Leary, K. D. (2009). Prevalence of partner aggression in representative and clinic samples. In O’Leary, K. D., & Woodin, E. M. (Eds.), Understanding psychological and physical aggression in couples: Existing evidence and clinical implications. (pp 15–35) Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  39. Kar, H. L. & O’Leary, K. D. (2009). Gender symmetry or asymmetry in intimate partner victimization? Not an either/or answer. Stony Brook University. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  40. Kaufman Kantor, G. & Straus, M. A. (1990). The “drunken bum” theory of wife beating. In Straus, M. A. & Gelles, R. J. (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families (pp. 203–224). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
  41. Kessler, R. C., Molnar, B. E., Feurer, I. D., & Appelbaum, M. (2001). Patterns of mental health predictors of domestic violence in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 24, 487–508.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kropp, P. R., Hart, S. D., Webster, C. W., & Eaves, D. (1995). Manual for the spousal assault risk assessment guide (2nd ed.). Vancouver, BC: British Columbia Institute Against Family Violence.Google Scholar
  43. Lorber, M. F. & O’Leary, K. D. (2004). Predictors of the persistence of male aggression in early marriage. Journal of Family Violence, 19, 329–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Luthra, R. & Gidycz (2006). Dating violence among college men and women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 717–731.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Malecha, A. T., Lemmey, D., McFarlane, J., Willson, J., Fredland, N., Gist, J., & Schultz, P. (2000). Mandatory reporting of Intimate partner violence: safety or retaliatory abuse for women? Journal of Women’s Health & Gender-Based Medicine, 9(1), 75–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Malik, N. M. & Lindahl, K. M. (1998). Aggression and dominance: The roles of power and culture in domestic violence. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 5, 409–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Monahan, J., Steadman, H. J., Silver, E., Appelbaum, P. S., Robbins, P. C., Mulvey, E. Pl., Roth, L. H., Grisso, T., & Banks, S. (2001). Rethinking risk assessment: The MacArthur study of mental disorder and violence. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Murphy, C. & Eckhardt, C. (2005). Treating the abusive partner: An individualized cognitive-behavioral approach. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  49. Murphy, C. M. & O’Leary, K. D. (1989). Psychological aggression predicts physical aggression in early marriage. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 5, 579–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Murphy, C. M., Morrel, T. M., Elliott, J. D., & Neavins, T. M. (2003). A prognostic indicator scale for the treatment of domestic abuse perpetrators. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 1087–1105.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Murphy, C. M., Musser, P. H., & Maton, K. I. (1998). Coordinated community intervention for domestic abusers: Intervention system involvement and criminal recidivism. Journal of Family Violence, 13, 263–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Musser, P. H., Semiatin, J. N., Taft, C. T., & Murphy, C. M. (2008). Motivational interviewing as a pre-group intervention for partner-violent men. Violence and Victims, 23(5), 539–557.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. O’Farrell, T. J., Fals-Stewart, W., Murphy, M., & Murphy, C. M. (2003). Partner violence before and after individually based alcoholism treatment for male alcoholic patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(1), 92–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. O’Leary, K. D. (2008). Couple therapy and physical aggression. In Gurman, A. (Ed.), Clinical handbook of couple therapy (4th ed. pp. 478–498). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  55. O’Leary, K. D. & Williams, M. C. (2006). Agreement about acts of aggression in marriage. Journal of Family Psychology, 20, 656–662.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. O’Leary, K. D. & Vega, E. M. (2005). Can partner aggression be stopped with psychosocial interventions? In Pinsof, W. M. & Lebow, J. L. (Eds.), Family psychology: The art of the science (pp. 243–263). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Pan, H., Neidig, P. H., & O’Leary, K. D. (1994). Predicting mild and severe husband to wife aggression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 975–981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Pence, E. & Paymar, M. (1993). Education groups for men who batter: The Duluth Model. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  59. Poggi, G., Vander Veer, D., & O’Leary, K. D. (2009). Data base of article on intimate partner violence from Psych Literature from 1960 to 2008. Stony Brook, NY: Stony Brook University.Google Scholar
  60. Rathus, J. H. & Feindler, E. L. (2004). Assessment of partner violence: A handbook for researchers and practitioners. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Remington, N. & Murphy, C. (2001, November). Treatment outcomes of partner violence perpetrators with psychopathic and borderline personality characteristics. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Advancement of Behavior Therapy, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  62. Riggs, D. S. & O’Leary, K. D. (1989). A theoretical model of courtship aggression. In Pirog-Good, M. A. & Stets, J. E. (Eds.), Violence in dating relationships: Emerging social issues (pp. 53–70). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  63. Riggs, D. S. & O’Leary, K. D. (1996) Aggression between heterosexual dating partners: an examination of a causal model of courtship aggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 11, 519–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Rosenbaum, A. & O’Leary, K. D. (1981). Marital violence: Characteristics of abusive couples. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49, 63–71.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Schechter, S. (1982). Women and male violence: The visions and struggles of the battered women’s movement. Boston, MA: South End.Google Scholar
  66. Schumacher, J. A., Feldbau-Kohn, S., Slep, A. M. S., & Heyman, R. E. (2001). Risk factors for male-to-female partner physical abuse. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6, 281–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Scott, K. L. & King, C. B. (2007). Resistance, reluctance, and readiness in perpetrators of abuse against women and children. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 8, 401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Snell R. & Robey (1964). The wifebeater’s wife. Archives of General Psychiatry, 11(2), 107–112.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 38, 15–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Stith, S. M., Green, N. M., Smith, D. B., & Ward, D. B. (2008). Marital satisfaction and marital discord as risk markers for intimate partner violence: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 149–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Stith, S. M., Smith, D. B., Penn, C., Ward, D., & Tritt, D. (2004). Intimate partner physical abuse perpetration and victimization risk factors: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 10, 65–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Stith, S. M., Rosen, K. H., McCollum, E. E., & Thomsen, C. J. (2004). Treating intimate partner violence within intact couple relationships: Outcomes of multi-couple versus individual couple therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 30, 305–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The Conflict Tactics (CT) scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 41, 75–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Straus, M. A. & Gelles, R. J. (1990). How violent are American families? Estimates from the National Family Violence Resurvey and other studies. In Straus, M. A. & Gelles, R. J. (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: Risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families (pp. 95–112). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.Google Scholar
  75. Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., & Steinmetz, S. K. (1980). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American Family. New York: Doubleday/Anchor.Google Scholar
  76. Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Boney-McCoy, S., & Sugarman, D. B. (1996). The revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2): Development and preliminary psychometric data. Journal of Family Issues, 17, 283–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Stuart, G. L. & Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2005). Testing a model of the relationship of impulsivity, mediating variables, and husband violence. Journal of Family Violence, 20, 291–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Stuart , G. L., Meehan, J. C. Moore, T. M., Morean, M., Hellmuth, J., & Follansbee, K. (2006). Examining a conceptual framework of intimate partner violence in men and women arrested for domestic violence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67(1), 102–112.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Taft, C. T., Murphy, C. M., King, D. W., Musser, P. H., & DeDeyn, J. M. (2003). Process and treatment adherence factors in group cognitive–behavioral therapy for partner violent men. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 812–820.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Thompson, M. P., Basile, K. C., Hertz, M. F., & Sitterle, D. (2006). Measuring intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration: A compendium of assessment tools. Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Violence Prevention.Google Scholar
  81. Tjaden, P. & Thoennes, N. (2000). Prevalence and consequences of male-to-female and female-to-male intimate partner violence as measured by the National Violence Against Women Survey. Violence against Women, 6, 142–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Tolman, R. M. (2001). The validation of the psychological maltreatment of women inventory. In O’Leary, K. D. & Maiuro, R. D. (Eds.), Psychological abuse in violent domestic relations (pp. 47–59). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  83. Waltermaurer, E., McNutt, L. A., & Mattingly, M. J. (2006). Examining the effect of residential change on intimate partner violence risk. Journal of Epidemiological Community Health, 60(11), 923–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Waltz, J., Babcock, J. C., Jacobson, N. S., & Gottman, J. M. (2000). Testing a typology of batterers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 658–669.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Weisz, A. N., Tolman, R. M., & Saunders, D. G. (2000). Assessing the risk of sever domestic violence: The importance of survivors’ predictions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 75–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. White, J. W., Merrill, L. L., & Koss, M. P. (2001). Predictors of premilitary courtship violence in a Navy recruit sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(9), 910–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Daniel O’Leary
    • 1
  • Heidi Lary Kar
    • 1
  1. 1.Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations