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Rubeola

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Part of the A to Z Essentials book series (ATOZ)

Synonym(s)

Measles; rubeola morbilli; rubeola measles

Definition

Acute, contagious, viral disease characterized by distinct red lesions in the mouth followed by a generalized eruption

Pathogenesis

Measles virus infects respiratory epithelium; transmitted via respiratory droplets; replication in lymph nodes leads to viremia; infection of endothelial cells ensues, causing enanthem (Koplik spots); infection of epithelial cells leads to skin eruption

Clinical manifestation

Incubation period from 7–14 days (average 10–11 days); communicable just before the beginning of prodromal symptoms, until approximately 4 days following the onset of the exanthem; prodrome of cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, fever, photophobia

Enanthem (Koplik spots): blue-white spots surrounded by red halo; appear on buccal mucosa opposite the premolar teeth; predate exanthem by 24–48 hours and last approximately 2–4 days.

Exanthem: begins on the fourth or fifth day after onset of symptoms; appears as slightly elevated...

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© 2004 Springer-Verlag

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(2004). Rubeola. In: Levine, N., Levine, C.C. (eds) Dermatology Therapy. A to Z Essentials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-29668-9_2370

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-29668-9_2370

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-00864-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-29668-3

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive