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Bogs

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Science Series book series (EESS)

Terminology

The term bog is used to describe certain forms of wet terrestrial vegetation. Unfortunately, in common with the words employed for many other categories of wetland, there are variations and inconsistencies in usage, regionally (particularly within Europe) as well as globally. Bog has been broadly defined so as to encompass all types of peat forming vegetation (see entry on Peat) or narrowly defined to denote only plant communities which are dependent upon precipitation and dust for supplies of water and nutrients. The term peatland is more appropriate for the former. The latter “ombrotrophic” condition may be an absolute state, however, this is by no means always the case and it is perhaps not surprisingly, therefore, that such communities have floristic affinities with other wetland vegetation types. Consequently, recent authors (Wheeler and Proctor, 2000) have preferred to use the term bog to describe a type of vegetation, that is, one which is usually dominated by...

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Bibliography

  1. Foster, D.R., and Glaser, P.H., 1986. The raised bogs of south-eastern Labrador, Canada: classification, distribution, vegetation and recent dynamics. Journal of Ecology, 74: 47–72.

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  4. van Geel, B., Buurman, J., and Waterbolk, H.T., 1996. Archaeological and palaeoecological indications of an adrupt climate change in The Netherlands, and evidence for climatological teleconnections around 2650 BP. Journal of Quaternary Science, 11: 451–460.

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  5. Waller, M.P., Long, A.J., Long, D., and Innes, J.B., 1999. Patterns and processes in the development of coastal mire vegetation: Multi-site investigations from Walland Marsh, Southeast England. Quaternary Science Reviews, 18: 1419–1444.

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  6. Wheeler, B.D., and Proctor, M.C.F., 2000. Ecological gradients, subdivisions and terminology of north-west European mires. Journal of Ecology, 88: 187–203.

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Cross-references

  1. Archaeology

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  2. Coastal Climate

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  3. Hydrology of Coastal Zone

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  4. Peat

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  5. Reclamation

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  6. Salt Marsh

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  7. Sea-Level Indicators, Biological in Depositional Sequences

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  8. Wetlands

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  9. Wetlands Restoration

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© 2005 Springer

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Waller, M. (2005). Bogs. In: Schwartz, M.L. (eds) Encyclopedia of Coastal Science. Encyclopedia of Earth Science Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3880-1_54

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