Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2005 Edition
| Editors: Maurice L. Schwartz

Environmental Quality

  • Michael J. Kennish
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3880-1_135


Marine environmental quality has been defined by Harding (1992, p. 23 as “the condition of a particular marine environment (coastline, estuary, bay, harbor, nearshore and offshore waters, open ocean) measured in relation to each of its intended uses. It is usually assessed quantitatively and requires both indices of condition and change, and established guidelines and objectives set by environmental, health, and resource agencies.” The assessment of coastal marine environmental quality typically considers the intrinsic value of the environment as well as whether the environment supports certain intended uses such as swimming, shellfish harvesting, or mariculture. As noted by Harding (1992), it is necessary to investigate ecosystem attributes (e.g., primary productivity, biomass production, nutrient cycling, species diversity, and disease incidence) to accurately measure ecosystem changes due to multiple stresses, particularly those associated with pollution and physical...

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  1. 1.
    Beach ErosionGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cleaning BeachesGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coastal Engineering (see Shore Protection Structures and Navigation Structures)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Coastline ChangesGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dams, Effect on CoastsGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Demography of Coastal PopulationsGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dredging of Coastal EnvironmentsGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Human Impact on CoastsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mangrove CoastsGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Meteorological Effect on CoastsGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mining of Coastal MaterialsGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Monitoring, Coastal EcologyGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ReclamationGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Salt MarshGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sea-Level Rise, EffectGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sediment Transport (see Cross-Shore Sediment Transport and Longshore Sediment Transport)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shore Protection StructuresGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tourism and Coastal DevelopmentGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Water QualityGoogle Scholar

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© Springer 2005

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  • Michael J. Kennish

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