Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2005 Edition
| Editors: Maurice L. Schwartz

Driftwood

  • Thomas A. Terich
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3880-1_126

One of the pleasures of beachcombing is viewing and collecting driftwood of innumerable shapes and sizes which have washed up on a beach. Driftwood is the collective term for all types of freely floating wood on a water body or lodged upon a beach. Driftwood can be found on most marine shores of the world, but is generally in highest concentrations along the shores of the middle and higher latitudes in the boreal forest and arctic regions of the world.

Trees along forested coastlines undermined by wave erosion are a source of driftwood and drift logs, but streams and rivers emptying into the sea are the primary contributors. Limbs, root masses, and whole trees are eroded from the stream banks, or are products of logging practices or log storage and rafting. Trees and logs enter river channels to be transported down river during high flows or are lost within estuaries during log storage and log rafting. The drifting wood can become temporarily lodged in estuaries or flushed directly...

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Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Gooding, R.M., and Magnuson, J.J., 1967. Ecological significance of drifting objects to pelagic fishes. Pacific Science, 21: 486–497.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Haggblom, A., 1982. Driftwood in Svalbard as an indicator of sea ice conditions. Geografiska Annaler, 64A: 81–94.Google Scholar
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    .Maser, C. et al., 1988. From the Forest to the Sea: A Story of Fall Trees. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-229. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, pp. 83–149.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sedell, J.R., and Duval, W.S., 1985. Water transportation and storage of logs. In Meehan, W.R. (eds.) Influence of forest and rangeland management on anadromous fish habitat in western North America. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-186. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, pp. 1–68.Google Scholar

Cross-references

  1. 1.
    Beach ErosionGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beach FeaturesGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Debris, Onshore and OffshoreGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Human Impact on CoastsGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Natural HazardsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas A. Terich

There are no affiliations available