Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2005 Edition
| Editors: Maurice L. Schwartz

Dikes

  • Pieter G.E.F. Augustinus
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3880-1_122

Introduction

Dikes, especially sea dikes, are coastal constructions build to avoid flooding. The risk of flooding is detrimental to the safety of people and economic, cultural, and ecological values. This aspect has been of great importance since people first thought about defending their dwellings against flood hazards. In the distant past, dwelling mounts were built to protect families or small communities from the sea. They are known from several low-lying coastal areas in the world, for example, from the North coast of Germany and the adjacent Dutch coast, where they have been occupied ever since 2500 bp, as well as from the chenier coast of Suriname, where they date back to 1800 bp.

Population increase urged to a more active method of flood prevention. The people started to construct dikes to keep the water out of whole regions, thus protecting lives and properties against the sea. In the Netherlands, dikes have been built as a community activity from about ad1100. Ever since,...

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Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Jelgersma, S., 1961. Holocene sea level changes in the Netherlands. Ph.D. thesis, State University Leiden, Mededelingen Geologische Stichting, CVI-7.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1984. Shore Protection Manual, Part 1 and 2. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. U.S.Google Scholar

Cross-references

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Coastal SubsidenceGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Geotextile ApplicationsGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hydrology of Coastal ZoneGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meteorologic EffectsGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Sea-Level Rise EffectGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shore Protection StructuresGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Storm SurgeGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter G.E.F. Augustinus

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