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Central America and the Caribbean, Climate of

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Encyclopedia of World Climatology

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ((EESS))

Central America and the Caribbean span the deep tropics and subtropics. Because of the tropical maritime location temperature changes throughout the region are generally small, and rainfall is by far the most important meteorological element. In general the climate of the region is controlled by the migration of synoptic features, and the mean climate strongly reflects the annual cycle of these features.

The most dominant synoptic influence is the subtropical high of the north Atlantic. Subsidence associated with the spreading of the subtropical high from the north Atlantic to the north American landmass dominates during boreal winter, as do the strong easterly trades found on its equatorward flank. Coupled with a strong trade inversion, a cold ocean and reduced atmospheric humidity, the region is generally at its driest during the winter. With the onset of boreal spring, however, the subtropical high moves offshore and trade wind intensity decreases, with convergence characterizing...

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Cross-references

  1. Azores (Bermuda) High

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  2. Humid Climates

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  3. Intertropical Convergence Zone

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  4. Orographic Precipitation

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  5. Trade Winds and the Trade Wind Inversion

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  6. Tropical and Equatorial Climates

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  7. Tropical Cyclones

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Taylor, M.A., Alfaro, E.J. (2005). Central America and the Caribbean, Climate of. In: Oliver, J.E. (eds) Encyclopedia of World Climatology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht . https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3266-8_37

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