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Local Climatology

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Encyclopedia of World Climatology

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ((EESS))

The first use of the term “local climate” is unknown; however, German climatologists began to use it frequently as a synonym for Kleinklima (small climate) in the early 1930s. Since then local climate has appeared in many monographs and textbooks (Fukui, 1938; Landsberg, 1941; Sapozhnikova, 1950; Yoshino, 1961, Yoshino, 1975; Berényi, 1967; Barry, 1981). However, R. Geiger, a founder of microclimatology, did not use the term local climate; instead, he used orographisches Mikroklima (orographical microclimate) and Kleinklima (small climate) in his early works (Geiger, 1927, Geiger, 1929). He continued to use these terms in the revised editions of his book (Geiger, 1961, Geiger, 1965). These terms are now used as synonyms for microclimate, topoclimate and mesoclimate.

Although any region of the Earth’s surface can be either small or large depending on the point of view for the classification, the expanse of a region can be determined based on the climatological phenomenon under...

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Cross-references

  1. Applied Climatology

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  2. Coastal Climate

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  3. Lakes, Effects on Climate

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  4. Local Winds

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  5. Microclimatology

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Yoshino, M. (2005). Local Climatology. In: Oliver, J.E. (eds) Encyclopedia of World Climatology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht . https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3266-8_128

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