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Just-in-Time (JIT) is not just a manufacturing technique but a philosophy of manufacturing that influences a company's relationship with its suppliers, customers, and employees. The two basic underpinnings of this philosophy are elimination of anything that does not add value for the customer, and continuous improvement. Thus, the emphasis is on efficient utilization of resources, where resources can include time, material, and people. JIT activities include setup and lead time reduction, minimization of inventory, employee involvement in the decision making process, cooperative arrangements with suppliers, and a focus on meeting the needs of the customer.

The JIT philosophy fosters an environment, where continuous improvements are sought in waste reduction and quality. Another important aspect of the JIT philosophy is that improves the relationships with employees, and employees are given broad problem-solving and decision-making authority.

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  • Schonberger, R.J. (1982). Japanese Manufacturing Techniques: Nine Hidden Lessons in Simplicity. The Free Press, New York.

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  • Sepehri, M. (1986). Just-in-Time, Not Just in Japan. American Production and Inventory Control Society, Virginia.

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© 2000 Kluwer Academic Publishers

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(2000). JIT PHILOSOPHY . In: Swamidass, P.M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Production and Manufacturing Management. Springer, Boston, MA .

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-7923-8630-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4020-0612-8

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