Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Goal programming

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_393

Goal Programming(GP), also called linear goalprogramming (LGP), can be categorized as a special case of linear programming (LP). The origin of GP as a means of resolving infeasible LP problems at-tests to its characterization as a LP methodology (Charnes and Cooper, 1961). GP is now considered a multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) method (Steuer, 1986); it is used to solve multi-variable, constrained resource and similar problems that have multiple goals.


Similar to LP, the GP model has an objective function, constraints (called goal constraints), and nonnegativity requirements. The GP objective function is commonly expressed in minimization form as (Schniederjans, 1984):
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NebraskaLincolnUSA