General Geology

1988 Edition

Aerial surveys

  • J. F. M. Mekel
Reference work entry

Initial Stages

In 1855 Nadar made the first aerial photographs from a captive balloon at the modest height of 80 m near Petit Bicetre in the neighborhood of Paris. During 1856 he followed with a dozen gooquality photographs of Paris. Similar pictures over Boston were made in 1860 by Samuel A. King and J. W. Black. Photographsfrom a free balloon over Paris by Triboulet date from 1879. In 1898 Albert Heim, a well-known Swiss geologist, made his famous flight over the Alps and the Juras, taking aerial photographs for geological purposes. Wilbur Wright, flying over Centocelli in Italy in 1909, was the first to take photographs from an airplane. World War I, when air navigation developed quickly, also gave a strong impetus to aerial reconnaissance. In 1915 Lt. Col. J. R. L. Moore Brabazon, later chief of the photographic section of the RAF, designed the first aerial camera. The development of conventional aerial photography resulted in the application of these techniques to geology...

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  1.  Exploration Geophysics; Magnetic Susceptibility, Earth Materials;  Photogeology;  Photo Interpretation; Remote Sensing, Engineering Geology;  Remote Sensing, General;  Sea Surveys;  Surveying, Electronic;  Terrain Evaluation Systems; Urban Geology;  Vegetation Mapping;  VLF Electromagnetic Prospecting.

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. F. M. Mekel

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