Calcarenite

  • G. R. Orme
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-30843-1_86

Calcarenite is a clastic limestone consisting predominantly of sand-grade (1/16 to 2mm in diameter) calcitic or aragonitic particles (allochems, Folk, 1959); it is a consolidated carbonate sand. Grabau (1904) introduced this term as calcarenyte in his genetic classification of sedimentary rocks to convey the basic calcareous composition, arenite grain size, and exogenetic or clastic nature of the rock.

Calcarenite, like the related terms calcirudite and calcilutitethat describe the coarser-grained and the finer-grained limestones, respectively, has survived as a general term that is particularly useful for field descriptions. It may be qualified by terms that indicate the dominant clastic components—e.g., brachiopod calcarenite, crinoid calcarenite, oolitic calcarenite. In the strict sense, the term should not be applied to autochthonous accumulations such as reef rock or coquinoid limestones (oyster banks), but should be employed only to describe limestones that have a mechanically...

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References

  1. Dunham, R. J., 1962. Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture, in W. E. Ham, ed., Classification of Carbonate Rocks. Tulsa, Okla.: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 108–121.Google Scholar
  2. Folk, R. L., 1959. Practical petrographic classification of limestones, Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull. 43, 1–38.Google Scholar
  3. Grabau, A. W., 1904. On the classification of sedimentary rocks, Am. Geol. 33, 228–247.Google Scholar
  4. Pettijohn, F. J., 1975. Sedimentary Rocks, 3d ed., New York: Harper and Row, 628p.Google Scholar

Cross-references

  1. Coral Reefs; DalmationCoastline;  Humate;  Karst Coast; Reefs;  Ripple Marks;  Sand;  Sand Source;  Sediment Analysis, Statistical Methods.

Copyright information

© Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. R. Orme

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