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Raised beach

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Beaches and Coastal Geology

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ((EESS))

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The term raised beach has been applied since early in the past century to any former shoreline deposits that today are found emerged, above present high tide level (de la Beche, 1839). Holocene raised beaches are frequently marked by shell accumulations. Natural examples contain mixed species of all sizes. Kitchen middens of shellfish-eating early man are often associated with the raised beaches (Fairbridge, 1976); but the shell mounds, which may contain several billion specimens, are distinguished by mono-specific edible forms (also charcoal, tools, and so on). Raised beach shells were noted by early classical philosophers on the coasts of Greece, North Africa, and the Persian Gulf. They were commonly interpreted as evidence of the Noachian Flood. Most raised beaches are marine, but some, as in glacial or pluvial lakes, are lacustrine. An extensive bibliography was summarized by Richards and Fairbridge (1965; with several supplements).

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References

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© 1982 Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company

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Fairbridge, R.W. (1982). Raised beach . In: Beaches and Coastal Geology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-30843-1_356

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-30843-1_356

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-87933-213-6

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