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The Order Planctomycetales, Including the Genera Planctomyces, Pirellula, Gemmata and Isosphaera and the Candidatus Genera Brocadia, Kuenenia and Scalindua

  • Naomi Ward
  • James T. Staley
  • John A. Fuerst
  • Stephen Giovannoni
  • Heinz Schlesner
  • Eiko Stackebrandt
Reference work entry

Introduction

The order Planctomycetales comprises a remarkable group of budding bacteria. They and their nearest relatives, the chlamydiae (Weisburg et al., 1986; see The Genus Chlamydia–Medical in this Volume), are the only known cell-wall containing bacteria that lack peptidoglycan. Furthermore, the planctomycetes are morphologically distinctive because of their budding division, their spherical to ovoid cells with crateriform pits (Figs. 1and 2), and the nonprosthecate appendages (stalks) produced by some members of the group (Fig. 3). Multicellular aggregates or rosettes are formed by some species that produce polar holdfasts (Fig. 3). One genus, Isosphaera, is a multicellular filamentous bacterium that moves by gliding. Other motile members of the group produce flagella. A relatively recent addition to the morphological oddity of the planctomycetes is the discovery of cellular compartmentalization, posing a challenge to the traditionally held view of the prokaryote:eukaryote...

Keywords

Intracytoplasmic Membrane Compost Heap Soil Extract Agar Molecular Ecology Study Subpolar Flagellum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomi Ward
  • James T. Staley
  • John A. Fuerst
  • Stephen Giovannoni
  • Heinz Schlesner
  • Eiko Stackebrandt

There are no affiliations available

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