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The Family Chlorobiaceae

  • Jörg Overmann

Introduction

Green sulfur bacteria (Chlorobiaceae) represent a phylogenetically coherent and isolated group within the domain Bacteria (see “Phylogeny”). As a distinct cytological feature, Chlorobiaceaecontain special light-harvesting complexes, so-called chlorosomes which harbor bacteriochlorophylls and carotenoids. Furthermore, green sulfur bacteria differ from most other phototrophic organisms with respect to the chemical structure of the antenna bacteriochlorophylls. Similar antenna complexes have only been found in the phylogenetically distant bacterial family Chloroflexaceae.

Green sulfur bacteria are obligate photolithotrophs and are similar to the Chloroflexaceae, Chromatiaceae, and phototrophic species of the α- and β-proteobacteria, such that water cannot serve as electron donating substrate of the photosynthetic reaction center and molecular oxygen is not generated during anoxygenic photosynthesis. Instead, the electrons which are ultimately required for the assimilatory...

Keywords

Green Sulfur Bacterium Purple Sulfur Bacterium Ternary Fission Anoxygenic Photosynthesis Phototrophic Sulfur Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Jörg Overmann

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