Genera Leuconostoc, Oenococcus and Weissella

  • Johanna Björkroth
  • Wilhelm Holzapfel


The genera Leuconostoc, Oenococcus and Weissella-typical lactic acid bacteria (LAB)-geno- and phenotypically most closely resemble the genus Lactobacillus in that all representatives are Gram-positive, catalase-negative, and facultatively anaerobic. The genus Weissella in fact harbors two different morphological types: the rods (formerly the “atypical” heterofermentative lactobacilli) and the ovoid-shaped cocci (typical also of the leuconostocs, Oenococcus and streptococci) Weissella paramesenteroides and Weissella hellenica. However, a third ovoid-shaped Weissella species (Weissella thailandensis), isolated from fermented fish in Thailand, has recently been described (Tanasupawat et al., 2000). Together with Pediococcus, these genera share physiological relatedness and have in fact already at an earlier stage been considered to be phylogenetically “intermixed” (Stackebrandt and Teuber, 1988). Leuconostoc paramesenteroideswas shown to form a natural phylogenetic group...

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© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johanna Björkroth
  • Wilhelm Holzapfel

There are no affiliations available

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