The Genus Lactococcus

  • Michael Teuber
  • Arnold Geis


The importance of lactococci in the development of basic microbiology, genetics, molecular biology, general microbial biochemistry, food science, and biotechnology has been profound. Their present-day large-scale use in industrial fermentations, especially in the manufacture of dairy products has particular significance.

The first studies of the lactococci were by Joseph Lister (Lister, 1873), who was attempting to prove Pasteur’s germ theory of fermentative changes. In Lister’s experiments with boiled milk as a nutrient medium, he obtained by chance the first pure bacterial culture. It is worthwhile to recall in the context of this handbook his original discussion of this discovery, marking the dawn of bacterial taxonomy:

Admitting then that we had here to deal with only one bacterium, it presents such peculiarities both morphologically and physiologically as to justify us, I think, in regarding it a definite and recognizable species for which I venture to suggest the...


Lactic Acid Bacterium Starter Culture Casein Micelle Temperate Phage Cottage Cheese 
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© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Teuber
  • Arnold Geis

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