The Prokaryotes pp 1099-1110 | Cite as

The Genus Prochlorococcus

  • Anton F. Post


Until the mid-1970s the general belief was that oxygenic photosynthesis among prokaryotes was limited to the cyanobacteria with their pigment complement of chlorophyll a and phycobiliproteins. This concept came under fire with the subsequent discoveries of the three so-called “prochlorophytes” Prochloron didemnii (Lewin, 1975a; Lewin and Withers, 1975b), Prochlorothrix hollandica (Burger-Wiersma et al., 1989) and Prochlorococcus marinus (Chisolm et al., 1988), which all lack phycobilisomes but possess chlorophyll b as a light harvesting pigment. An additional discovery of Acaryochloris marina (Miyashita et al., 1996), which contains chlorophyll das the main pigment, increased appreciation for the plasticity of the photosynthetic pigment-complements of prokaryotes. The photosynthetic apparatus of the above-listed species and that of its cyanobacterial counterpart differed with respect to the genes encoding the light harvesting antenna proteins, the localization of these...


High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Photic Zone Antenna Protein Strain SS120 Prochlorococcus Strain 
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Financial support for studies of Prochlorococcus in natural populations of the Red Sea and in laboratory cultures was provided by United States Binational Science Foundation grant no. 99-194, Israel Science Foundation grant no. 525/98, the Enrico Berman Fund for Solar Energy, the European Union projects PROMOLEC (MAS3-CT97-0128), and MARGENES (QLRT 2001-01226), and the Moshe Shilo Minerva Center for Marine Biogeochemistry.

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  • Anton F. Post

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