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The Family Heliobacteriaceae

  • Michael T. Madigan

Introduction

The family Heliobacteriaceae consists of phototrophic bacteria that contain bacteriochlorophyll (Bchl) g (Fig. 1). This unique Bchl, found only in the heliobacteria, distinguishes them from all other anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (Madigan, 2001; Madigan and Ormerod, 1995b). The heliobacteria were discovered in a very serendipitous fashion by Howard Gest and Jeff Favinger in the early 1980s; a fascinating account of this discovery can be found in Gest (1994). The unique characteristics of heliobacteria were first revealed a few years later with publication of the description of Heliobacterium chlorum (Gest and Favinger, 1983) and the structure of Bchl g (Brockmann and Lipinski, 1983). Subsequent research in the Gest laboratory led to the discovery of Heliobacillus, and with this, the establishment of the family Heliobacteriaceae (Beer-Romero and Gest, 1987). Four genera of heliobacteria are currently recognized: Heliobacterium, Heliobacillus, Heliophilum and Heliorestis...

Keywords

Paddy Soil Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetic Acid Soda Lake Purple Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag 2006

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  • Michael T. Madigan

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