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An Introduction to the Family Clostridiaceae

  • Juergen Wiegel
  • Ralph Tanner
  • Fred A. Rainey
SECTION 1.2 Firmicutes with Low GC Content of DNA

Introduction

The pre-16S rRNA sequence definition of the genus Clostridium was—non-sulfate-reducing sporeformer relying obligately on anaerobic energy metabolism and with a Gram-positive type cell wall (Hippe et al., 1992). Our view of bacterial classification has greatly changed in the past 10 years. We now define the overall taxonomic structure of the prokaryotes, for the most part, on the basis of relationships revealed by comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences. This has lead to transferring many former clostridial species to novel genera and to a more narrow definition of the genus Clostridium (further referred to as Clostridium sensu stricto), encompassing much fewer species but including the majority of the medically important species.

Phylogeny

The recent release of the second edition of Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriologytakes the bold step of proposing a taxonomic structure for all validly described prokaryotes on the basis of a 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny. This...

Keywords

Clostridium Species Roll Tube Clostridium Butyricum Cluster XIVa Cell Wall Type 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juergen Wiegel
  • Ralph Tanner
  • Fred A. Rainey

There are no affiliations available

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