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The Genus Bacillus—Nonmedical

  • Ralph A. Slepecky
  • H. Ernest Hemphill

History

One of the earliest bacteria to be described was “Vibrio subtilis” by Ehrenberg in 1835. In 1872, Cohn renamed the organism Bacillus subtilis (Gordon, 1981). That organism was a charter member of a large and diverse genus, initiated by Cohn, that is part of the family Bacillaceae. This family’s distinguishing feature is production of endospores, which are round, oval, or cylindrical highly refractile structures formed within bacterial cells. Spores were first described by Cohn in subtilis and later by Koch in the pathogen, B. anthracis (the only major pathogen of vertebrates in the genus). Cohn demonstrated the heat resistance of spores of B. subtilis and Koch first described in B. anthracis the developmental cycle of sporeformers, vegetative cell to spore and spore to vegetative cell (Keynan and Sandler, 1983). For the reasons of unusual spore resistance to chemical and physical agents; the developmental cycle; ubiquity of its members; and B. anthracispathogenicity, the...

Keywords

Bacillus Species Catabolite Repression Genus Bacillus Dipicolinic Acid Temperate Phage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Ralph A. Slepecky
  • H. Ernest Hemphill

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