Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Jamaican Maroons

  • George Brandon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_77

Alternative Names

Windward Maroons, Leeward Maroons. Also call themselves Nyankimpong Pickibo (“children of the Creator” in Twi).

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

There are two major centers of Maroon life in Jamaica. The Leeward Maroons are centered in the mountainous Cockpit country of the Western half of Jamaica in the parishes of St. James, St. Elizabeth, and Trelawney. The spiritual and physical center of the Maroons in this area is the village of Accompong with significant Maroon populations in Aberdeen, Maroon Town, and Whitehall. On the eastern half of the island, in the Blue Mountains, is the other center of Maroon culture, the village of Moore town. Other Windward Maroon settlements in this area include Scots Hall and Charlestown. Most of the time Maroons speak a Jamaican patois that derives most of its vocabulary from English but often has syntactical and grammatical features more akin to those common in West African languages. Both Maroon groups also possess an archaic...


Sexual Partner Worm Infestation Spiritual Intervention Linguistic Affiliation Cockpit Country 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Brandon

There are no affiliations available