Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Jamaican Maroons

  • George Brandon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_77

Alternative Names

Windward Maroons, Leeward Maroons. Also call themselves Nyankimpong Pickibo (“children of the Creator” in Twi).

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

There are two major centers of Maroon life in Jamaica. The Leeward Maroons are centered in the mountainous Cockpit country of the Western half of Jamaica in the parishes of St. James, St. Elizabeth, and Trelawney. The spiritual and physical center of the Maroons in this area is the village of Accompong with significant Maroon populations in Aberdeen, Maroon Town, and Whitehall. On the eastern half of the island, in the Blue Mountains, is the other center of Maroon culture, the village of Moore town. Other Windward Maroon settlements in this area include Scots Hall and Charlestown. Most of the time Maroons speak a Jamaican patois that derives most of its vocabulary from English but often has syntactical and grammatical features more akin to those common in West African languages. Both Maroon groups also possess an archaic...

Keywords

Sexual Partner Worm Infestation Spiritual Intervention Linguistic Affiliation Cockpit Country 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Barker, D., & Spence, B. (1988). Afro-Caribbean agriculture: A Jamaican Maroon community in transition. Geographical Journal, 154, 198–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barrett, L. (1976). Healing in a balmyard: The practice of folk healing in Jamaica, W. I. In W. D. Hand (Ed.), American folk medicine (pp. 285–300). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Besson, J. (1979). Symbolic aspects of land in the Caribbean: The tenure and transmission of land rights among Caribbean peasantries. In Malcolm Cross & Arnaud Marks (Eds.), Peasants, plantations and rural communities in the Caribbean (pp. 86–116). Location/ Guildford Press.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Besson, J. (1997, Fall). Caribbean common tenures and capitalism: The Accompong Maroons of Jamaica. Plantation Societies in the Americas, 4(2 & 3), 201–232.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bilby, K. (1994). Maroon Culture as a distinct variant of Jamaican culture. In Kofi E. Agorsah (Ed.), Maroon heritage: Archaeological, ethnographic and historical perspectives (pp. 72–85). Kingston: Canoe Press.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brody, E. B. (1981). Sex, contraception and motherhood in Jamaica. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Campbell, C. (1984). Missionaries and Maroons: Conflict and resistance in Accompong, Charles Town and Moore Town (Jamaica) 1837–1838. Jamaican Historical Review, 14, 42–58.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Campbell, M. (1988). The Maroons of Jamaica, 1655–1796: A history of resistance, collaboration and betrayal. South Hadley: Bergin and Garvey.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Center for Natural and Traditional Medicines & the Accompong Traditional Medicine Group. (n.d.). Welcome to the World of Maroon Traditional Medicine. Washington, DC: Center for Natural and Traditional Medicines.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cohen, M. (1973). Medical beliefs and practices of the Maroons of Mooretown: A study in acculturation. Doctoral dissertation, New York University.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Comitas, L., & Lowenthal, D. (1964). Occupational multiplicity in rural Jamaica. In E. Garfield and E. Friedl (Eds.), Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society (pp. 41–50). Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Crellin, J., & the Accompong Traditional Medicine Group (1998). Traditional Maroon Medicine in Jamaica. Memorial University Occasional Paper in the History of Medicine, No. 15. St. Johns, Newfoundland: Memorial University.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kopytoff, B. (1973). The Maroons of Jamaica: An ethnological study of incomplete polities 1655–1905. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kopytoff, B. (1976). Jamaican Maroon political organization: The effects of the treaties. Social and Economic Studies, 25(2), 87–105.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kopytoff, B. (1978). The early political development of Jamaican Maroon societies. William and Mary Quarterly, 35, 287–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Laguerre, M. (1987). Afro-Caribbean folk medicine. South Hadley: Bergin and Garvey.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lowe, H., Payne-Jackson, A., & Duke, J. (2001). Jamaica’s ethnomedicine: Its potential in the health care system. Kingston, Jamaica: Pelican Publishers.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Patterson, O. (1970). Slavery and revolt: A socio-historical analysis of the First Maroon War 1655–1740. Social and Economic Studies, 19, 289–325.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Price, R. (1979). Maroon societies: Rebel slave communities in the Americas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Robertson, D. (1988). Jamaican Herbs. Montego Bay: De Sola Pinto Distributors.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sheridan, R. (1986). The Maroons of Jamaica, 1730–1830: Livelihood, demography and health. In Gad Heuman (Ed.), Out of bondage: Runaways, resistance and marronage in Africa and the Americas (pp. 152–172). New York: Frank Cass Publications.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sobo, E. (1993). One blood: The Jamaican body. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sobo, E. (1996). Abortion traditions in rural Jamaica. Social Science and Medicine, 42, 495–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Smith, M. G. (1965). Community organization in rural Jamaica. In. M. G. Smith (Ed.), The plural society in the West Indies (pp. 176–195). Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Watts, D. (1987). The West Indies: Patterns of development, culture and environmental change since 1492. Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wendenojo, W. (1989). Mothering and the practice of “balm” in Jamaica. In C. S. McClain (Ed.), Women as healers: Cross-cultural perspectives (pp. 76–97.) New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Brandon

There are no affiliations available