Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Hmong in Laos and the United States

  • Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera
  • Dia Cha
  • Peter Kunstadter
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_75

Alternative Names

Miao or Meo (considered derogatory by Hmong).

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

Hmong are a distinct ethno-linguistic group who originated in China and who migrated into northern Southeast Asia during the 19th century. After the end of the “Secret War in Laos” in 1975, many Hmong fled to Thailand and then were resettled around the world, including the United States. Most Hmong in the United States speak two closely related dialects of the Miao-Yao language: White Hmong (Hmoob Dawb or Moob Dlawb) and Green Hmong or Blue Hmong (Hmoob Ntsuab or Moob Lees). These two groups were traditionally distinguished by their dialect, dress, housing style, and other cultural differences.

The Hmong diaspora is extensive, with over seven million in China, one million in Southeast Asia (Schein, 2000), and almost 16,000 in France, Canada, French Guyana, Australia, and Argentina (Rice, 2000). According to the 2002 Census, 169,428 Hmong live in the United States, with most in...

Keywords

Refugee Camp Central Intelligence Agency Evil Spirit Ancestral Spirit Hmong Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera
  • Dia Cha
  • Peter Kunstadter

There are no affiliations available