Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember


  • Murray Last
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_74

Alternative Names

“Hausa” is the most common term for these people. Earlier terms include “Habasha” (from which “Hausa” probably derives) and “Afnu” (used by Kanuri-speakers of Borno), but political scientists are apt to use “Hausa-Fulani” to indicate the fact that the old ruling elite is often labeled “Fulani” for historical reasons (they no longer speak the language of the Fulani, fulfulde) (Paden, 1975).

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

Hausa-speaking people number at least some forty million and live mainly in the most northerly states of Nigeria and in the Republic of Niger. Hausa-speakers are also found in the Republic of the Sudan as well as in Eritrea, Chad, Cameroon, and Ghana. And there is a diaspora to North Africa and the Middle East (Tunis, Tripoli, Cairo, the Saudi cities), to Europe (especially France, Britain, with immigrants to Spain and Germany coming from the Hausa communities in Ghana), and to the USA. In the past Hausa traders traveled widely, and could be found...


Outer Layer Spirit Possession Arabic Script Spirit Cult Linguistic Affiliation 
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© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Murray Last

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