Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember


  • Nancie L. González
  • Gloria Castillo
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_69

Alternative Names

Garifuna, which is actually an adjective, is the term now preferred by the people themselves, and most widely used, but until the 1970s they were more often known in anthropological and travel literature as Black Caribs, and as Morenos (Dark Ones) to their compatriots of other ethnicities. When speaking their own language, however, the correct usage is “(we) the Garinagu,” which derives from Arawakan Kalinago.

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

The Caribbean coastline of Central America, extending from Belize to Nicaragua, has been home to the Garifuna since 1797 when the British forcibly transported them there from the island of St Vincent in the Lesser Antilles (González, 1988). Their phenotype reveals their African heritage, but their language, culture, and genotype demonstrate that they are a hybrid people, with both African and (South) Amerindian roots (Crawford & González, 1981; Taylor, 1955). The people encountered by the first Europeans in the Caribbean...


Evil Spirit Catholic Priest Refined Wheat Flour Linguistic Affiliation Sexual Prowess 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancie L. González
  • Gloria Castillo

There are no affiliations available