Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember


  • Naomi Adelson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_62

Alternative Names

Eeyou (singular); Eeyouch (plural); person, the people. The term Cree is only used when spoken in English and is not the term the people use for themselves.

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

The entire population of Cree in Canada spreads from the province of Alberta to the province of Quebec. Historically ranging from plains-dwellers to woodland and northern sub-Arctic hunters, the many Cree nations are the most widely distributed geographically of First Nations in Canada. All of the Cree dialects derive from the Algonquian language family. The eastern Cree of the James Bay region of Quebec, the population highlighted in this entry, speak Cree as their first language and English, French, or both after that (96% have Cree as their mother tongue, 90% speak it at home; 77% speak English, 29% speak French in addition to Cree, 20% speak neither French nor English [Schnarch, 2001]).

Overview of the Culture

The James Bay Cree or Eeyouch of Eeyou astchee(the people’s...


Trading Post Nursing Station Linguistic Affiliation Cree Regional Cree Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomi Adelson

There are no affiliations available