Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember


  • Monique Skidmore
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_61

Alternative Names

In 1989, Burma was renamed the “Union of Myanmar” by the newly constituted State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). The “Burmese” were renamed the “Myanmarese” or “Myanmars”, and the Burmese language was similarly changed to the Myanmarese language. Minority groups in Burma were renamed “National Races,” with “Myanmars” used to designate Burmese citizens of all ethnicities residing within Burma. The United Nations recognized the name change but pro-democracy groups use the older terms, especially “Burma”, “Burmans”, and “Burmese” as a way of protesting at the undemocratic nature of the name changes.

From 1885 until 1937, Burma was designated a province of India as part of the British Raj, and literature of the period regarding Burma is found in Indian manuscripts and journals.

Several armed groups have claimed independence from the military government and insurgent-held areas often publish literature referring to their territory as an independent entity. The...


Domestic Violence Maternal Mortality Central Intelligence Agency Incomplete Abortion Monastic Role 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monique Skidmore

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