Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Forensic Anthropology

  • Douglas H. Ubelaker
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_5
  • 185 Downloads

Definitions

Forensic anthropology represents the application of our knowledge and techniques of physical anthropology to medico-legal problems. Historically, such applications have focused on skeletal remains, although issues involving soft tissue are at times included. With skeletal remains forensic anthropologists are asked to offer opinions if the evidence represents human, non-human animals, or other materials. If the remains are thought to be human, then analysis is directed toward such problems as determining the age at death, sex, ancestry, living stature, postmortem interval (time since death), anatomical parts represented, the presence of disease or injury and if so, any treatment of the conditions, any unusual features that might facilitate identification, any evidence of injury that might have contributed to death and postmortem change (İşcan & Kennedy, 1989; Krogman & İş can, 1986; Maples and Browning, 1994; Rathbun & Buikstra, 1984; Reichs, 1998; Rhine, 1998; Stewart, 1970...

Keywords

Medical Examiner European Ancestry Gunshot Injury Forensic Science Human Remains 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Dwight, T. (1878). The identification of the human skeleton. A medicolegal study. Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fenger, S. M., Ubelaker, D. H., & Rubinstein, D. (1996). Identification of workers’ compensation fraud through radiographic comparison. Journal of Forensic Identification, 46(4), 418–431.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Galloway, A. (1999). Broken bones: Anthropological analysis of blunt force trauma. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Haglund, W. D., & Sorg, M. H. (2002). Advances in forensic taphonomy, method, theory, and archaeological perspectives. Washington, DC: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    İşcan, M. Y., & Kennedy, K. A. R. (1989). Reconstruction of life from the skeleton. New York: Alan Liss.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krogman, W. M., & İşcan, M. Y. (1986). The human skeleton in forensic medicine. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lombroso, C. (1887). L’homme criminel. Paris: Alcan.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Manhein, M. H., Listi, G. A., Barsley, R. E., Musselman, R., Barrow, N. E., & Ubelaker, D. H. (2000). In vivo facial tissue depth measurements for children and adults. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(1), 48–60.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Maples, W. R., & Browning, M. (1994). Dead men do tell tales: The strange and fascinating cases of a forensic anthropologist. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mulhern, D. M., & Ubelaker, D. H. (2001). Differences in osteon banding between human and nonhuman bone. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 46(2), 220–222.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ousley, S. D., & Jantz, R. L. (1996). FORDISC 2.0. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rathbun, T. A., & Buikstra, J. E. (1984). Human identification: Case studies in forensic anthropology. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reichs, K. J. (1998). Forensic osteology: Advances in the identification of human remains (2nd ed.). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rhine, S. (1998). Bone voyage: A journey in forensic anthropology. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Snow, C. C. (1982). Forensic anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 11, 97–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stewart, T. D. (1970). Personal identification in mass disasters. Washington, DC: National Museum of Natural History.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stewart, T. D. (1979). Essentials of forensic anthropology. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Taylor, K. T. (2001). Forensic art and illustration. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1990). Positive identification of American Indian skeletal remains from radiograph comparison. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 35(2), 466–472.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1991). Perimortem and postmortem modification of human bone. Lessons from forensic anthropology. Anthropologie, 24(3), 171–174.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1996). Skeletons testify: Anthropology in forensic science. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 39, 229–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1997). Forensic anthropology. In F. Spencer (Ed.), History of physical anthropology (Vol. 1). New York: Garland.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1999a). Human skeletal remains, excavation, analysis, interpretation (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Taraxacum.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1999b). George Amos Dorsey. In J. A. Garraty & M. C. Carnes (Eds.), American national biography (Vol. 6). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (1999c). Aleš Hrdliçka’s role in the history of forensic anthropology. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 44(4), 724–730.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000a). The forensic anthropology legacy of T. Dale Stewart (1901–1997). Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(2), 245–252.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000b). T. Dale Stewart’s perspective on his career as a forensic anthropologist at the Smithsonian. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 45(2), 269–278.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000c). Facial reproduction. In C. H. Wecht (Ed.), Forensic sciences (Vol. 1). New York: Lexis, Matthew Bender.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000d). Cranial photographic superimposition. In C. H. Wecht (Ed.), Forensic sciences (Vol. 1). New York: Lexis, Matthew Bender.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000e). A history of Smithsonian-FBI collaboration in forensic anthropology, especially in regard to facial imagery. Forensic Science Communications, 2(4).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ubelaker, D. H. (2000f). Methodological considerations in the forensic applications of human skeletal biology. In M. A. Katzenberg & S. R. Saunders (Eds.), Biological anthropology of the human skeleton. New York: Wiley-Liss.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ubelaker, D. H., & Adams, B. J. (1995). Differentiation of perimortem and postmortem trauma using taphonomic indicators. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 40(3), 509–512.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ubelaker, D. H., & Scammell, H. (1992). Bones, a forensic detective’s casebook. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas H. Ubelaker

There are no affiliations available