Advertisement

Space and Place in Studies of Childhood and Youth

  • David FarrugiaEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

While many perspectives continue to work with universal concepts drawn from the metropolitan centers of the global north, childhood and youth are constructions that vary according to the social processes that shape young lives in different places around the world. Addressing the need for better recognition of the complex differences and interconnections that structure young lives, this introduction highlights the significance of a spatial perspective for rethinking the theories and disciplinary priorities of childhood and youth studies. The chapter covers the theoretical meaning of concepts such as space, place, and scale and draws on these concepts in order to capture the local, national, and global diversity of contemporary childhood and youth. A spatial perspective on childhood and youth highlights issues such as the different intersections of play, education, and work in different spaces and places, the significance of mobility and immobility for understanding inequality, or the way that young people’s identities are constructed through relationships to place. A focus on space and place also breaks down existing binaries such as urban/rural and local/global and allows experiences from the global south to influence theoretical development within the discipline. As such, a spatial perspective crosses geographical and theoretical divisions, enriching existing perspectives on children and young people and creating new theoretical agendas in studies of childhood and youth.

Keywords

Young People Homeless Youth Local Place Creative Industry Place Attachment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Aitken, S. (2001). Geographies of young people: The morally contested spaces of identity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Aitken, S., Lund, R., & Kjorholt, A. (2008). Why children? why now? In S. Aitken, R. Lund, & A. Kjorholt (Eds.), Global childhoods: Globalisation, development and young people (pp. 3–14). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, K., & Hollingworth, S. (2013). ‘Sticky subjects’ or ‘cosmopolitan creatives’? social class, place and urban young people’s aspirations for work in the knowledge economy. Urban Studies, 50(3), 499–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ansell, N. (2004). Secondary schooling and rural youth transitions in Lesotho and Zimbabwe. Youth and Society, 36(2), 183–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ansell, N. (2009). Childhood and the politics of scale: Descaling children’s geographies. Progress in Human Geography, 33(2), 190–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ansell, N., & van Blerk, L. (2007). Doing and belonging: Toward a more-than-representational account of young migrant identities in Lesotho and Malawi. In R. Panelli, S. Punch, & E. Robson (Eds.), Global perspectives on childhood and youth (pp. 17–28). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at large: The cultural consequences of globalisation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  8. Aries, P. (1962). Centuries of childhood: A social history of family life. New York: Vintage/Random House.Google Scholar
  9. Ball, S., Maguire, M., & MacRae, S. (2000). Space, work and the ‘new urban economies’. Journal of Youth Studies, 3(3), 279–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bauman, Z. (1998). On glocalisation: Or globalisation for some, localisation for some others. Thesis Eleven, 54(1), 37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Beazley, H. (2002). ‘Vagrants wearing make-up’: Negotiating spaces on the streets of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Urban Studies, 39(9), 1665–1683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Beck, U. (1992). Risk Society. Towards a New Modernity, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  13. Bennett, A. (2000). Popular music and youth culture: Music, identity and place. Houndmills: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Brooks, R., & Waters, J. (2011). Student mobilities, migration, and the internationalization of higher education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Butcher, M., & Thomas, M. (2006). Ingenious: Emerging hybrid youth cultures in western Sydney. In P. Nilan & C. Feixa (Eds.), Global youth? hybrid identities, plural worlds (pp. 53–71). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Cahill, C. (2000). Street literacy: Urban teenagers’ strategies for negotiating their neighbourhood. Journal of Youth Studies, 3(3), 251–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cahill, C. (2007). Negotiating grit and glamour: Young women of colour and the gentrification of the lower east side. City & Society, 19(2), 202–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cloke, P. (2005). Conceptualising rurality. In P. Cloke, T. Marsden, & P. Mooney (Eds.), Handbook of rural studies (pp. 18–28). London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi: Sage.Google Scholar
  19. Cox, (1998). Spaces of dependence, spaces of engagement and the politics of scale, or: looking for local politics. Political Geography, 17, 1, 1–23.Google Scholar
  20. Crawford, A. (2009). Criminalising sociability through anti-social behaviour legislation: Dispersal powers, young people and the police. Youth Justice, 9(1), 5–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cresswell, T. (1996). In place/out of place: Geography, ideology and transgression. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  22. Cuervo, H. & Wyn, J. (2012). Young People Making it Work. Continuity and Change in Rural Places. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.Google Scholar
  23. de Carvalho, M. (2013). Childhood, urban violence and territory: Children’s perceptions of place and violence in public housing neighbourhoods in Portugal. Children, Youth and Environments, 23(1), 124–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dunkley, C., & Panelli, R. (2007). ‘Preppy-jocks’, ‘rednecks’, ‘stoners’, and ‘scum’: Power and youth social groups in rural Vermont. In R. Panelli, S. Punch, & E. Robson (Eds.), Global perspectives on rural childhood and youth (pp. 165–178). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Evans, R., & Holt, L. (2011). Diverse spaces of childhood and youth: Gender and other socio-cultural differences. Children’s Geographies, 9(3–4), 277–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Farrugia, D. (2013). Towards a spatialised youth sociology: The rural and the urban in times of change. Journal of Youth Studies, 17(3), 293–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Farrugia, D. (2014) “Towards a Spatialised Youth Sociology: The Rural and the Urban in Times of Change.” Journal of Youth Studies, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 239–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fraser, A. (2013). Street habitus: Gangs, territorialism and social change in Glasgow. Journal of Youth Studies, 16, 970–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Geldens, P. M., & Bourke, L. (2008). Identity, uncertainty and responsibility: Privileging place in a risk society. Children’s Geographies, 6(3), 281–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Giddens, A. (1991). Modernity and Self Identity, Polity, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  31. Gieryn, T. (2000). A space for place in sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 463–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gill, J., & Howard, S. (2009). Knowing our place. Children talking about power, identity and citizenship. Camberwell: ACER.Google Scholar
  33. Greener, T., & Hollands, R. (2006). Beyond subculture and post-subculture? The case of virtual psytrance. Journal of Youth Studies, 9(4), 393–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Harris, A., & Wyn, J. (2009). Young people’s politics and the micro-territories of the local. Australian Journal of Political Science, 44(2), 327–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Harvey, D. (1985). The urbanisation of capital. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  36. Harvey, D. (2006). Spaces of global capitalism. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  37. Heidegger, (2001). Building, Dwelling, Thinking. In Heidegger, M. Poetry, Language, Thought. (pp 141–160). HarperCollins. New York.Google Scholar
  38. Holligan, C., & Deuchar, R. (2009). Territorialities in Scotland: Perceptions of young people in Glasgow. Journal of Youth Studies, 12(6), 731–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Holloway, S., O’Hara, S., & Pimlott-Wilson, H. (2012). Educational mobility and the gendered geography of cultural capital: The case of international student flows between central Asia and the UK. Environment and Planning A, 44(4), 2278–2294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hopkins, P., & Pain, R. (2007). Geographies of age: Thinking relationally. Area, 39(3), 287–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Jamieson, L. (2000). Migration, place and class: Youth in a rural area. The Sociological Review, 48(2), 203–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Jeffrey, C. & McDowell, L. (2004). “Youth in a Comparative Perspective: Global Change, Local Lives.” Youth and Society, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 131–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Jones, G. (1999). ‘The same people in the same place’? Socio-spatial identities and migration in youth. Sociology, 33(1), 1–22.Google Scholar
  44. Katz, C. (1991). Sow what you know: The struggle for social reproduction in rural Sudan. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 81(3), 488–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Laegran, A. (2002). The petrol station and the internet cafe: Rural technospaces for youth. Journal of Rural Studies, 18, 157–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space, Blackwell, Oxford; Cambridge; Massachusetts.Google Scholar
  47. Leyshon, M. (2008). ‘We’re stuck in the corner’: Young women, embodiment, and drinking in the countryside. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 15(3), 267–289.Google Scholar
  48. Leyshon, M., & Bull, J. (2011). The bricolage of the here: Young people’s narratives of identity in the countryside. Social and Cultural Geography, 12(2), 159–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Looker, E. D., & Naylor, T. D. (2009). ‘At risk’ of being rural? the experience of rural youth in a risk society. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 4(2), 39–64.Google Scholar
  50. MacDonald, R., Shildrick, T., Webster, C., & Simpson, D. (2005). Growing up in poor neighbourhoods: The significance of class and place in the extended transitions of ‘socially excluded’ young adults. Sociology, 39(5), 873–891.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. MacDonald, R., Shildrick, T., & Blackman, S. (Eds.). (2010). Young people, class and place. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  52. Malbon, B. (1998). Clubbing, consumption, identity and the spatial practices of every-night life. In T. Skelton & G. Valentine (Eds.), Cool places: Geographies of youth cultures (pp. 267–288). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  53. Massey, D. (1993a). Politics and space/time. In M. Keith & S. Pile (Eds.), Place and the politics of identity (pp. 141–161). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  54. Massey, D. (1993b). Power-geometry and a progressive sense of place. In J. Bird, B. Curtis, T. Putnam, G. Robertson, & L. Tickner (Eds.), Mapping the futures (pp. 59–69). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  55. Massey, D. (1994). Space, place and gender. Minneapolis: Polity/University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  56. Massey, D. (1998). The spatial construction of youth cultures. In T. Skelton & G. Valentine (Eds.), Cool places. geographies of youth cultures (pp. 121–129). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  57. Massey, D. (2005). For Space, Sage, London.Google Scholar
  58. McGrath, B. (2001). “A problem of resources”: Defining rural youth encounters in education, work and housing. Journal of Rural Studies, 17, 481–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. McLeod, J. (2009). Youth studies, comparative inquiry, and the local/global problematic. Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 31(4), 270–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Mitchell, T. (2003). Australian hip-hop as subculture. Youth Studies Australia, 22(2), 40–47.Google Scholar
  61. Nairn, K., Panelli, R., & McCormack, J. (2003). Destabilising dualisms: Young people’s experiences of rural and urban environments. Childhood, 10(1), 9–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Niang, A. (2006). Bboys: Hip-hop culture in Dakar, Senegal. In P. Nilan & C. Feixa (Eds.), Global youth? hybrid identities, plural worlds (pp. 167–165). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  63. Nilan, P., & Feixa, C. (2006). Youth hybridity and plural worlds. In P. Nilan & C. Feixa (Eds.), Global youth? hybrid identities, plural worlds (pp. 1–13). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  64. Nilan, P. (2008). “Youth Sociology Must Cross Cultures.”, Youth Studies Australia, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 20–26.Google Scholar
  65. Panelli, R., Punch, S. & Robson, E. (2007). “From Difference to Dialogue: Conceptualising Global Perspectives on Rural Childhood and Youth.” in Global Perspectives on Rural Childhood and Youth., eds. R. Panelli, S. Punch & E. Robson, Routledge, New York; London, pp. 1–13.Google Scholar
  66. Petrova, Y. (2006). Global? local? multi-level identifications among contemporary skinheads in France. In P. Nilan & C. Feixa (Eds.), Global youth? hybrid identities and plural worlds (pp. 186–204). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  67. Porter, G., Hampshire, K., Abane, A., Tanle, A., Esia-Donkoh, K., Amoako-Sakyi, R., et al. (2011). Mobility, education and livelihood trajectories for young people in rural Ghana: A gender perspective. Children’s Geographies, 9(3–4), 395–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Punch, S. (2003). Childhoods in the majority world: Miniature adults or tribal children? Sociology, 37(2), 277–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Punch, S., & Sugden, F. (2013). Work, education and out-migration among children and youth in upland Asia: Changing patterns of labour and ecological knowledge in an era of globalisation. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 18(3), 255–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Reynolds, T. (2013). ‘Them and us’: ‘Black neighbourhoods’ as a social capital resource among youths living in inner-city London. Urban Studies, 50(3), 484–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Robinson, C. (2000). Creating space, creating self: Street-frequenting youth in the city and suburbs. Journal of Youth Studies, 3(4), 429–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Ruddick, S. M. (1996). Young and homeless in hollywood. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  73. Rugg, J., & Jones, A. (1999). Getting a job, finding a home: Rural youth transitions. Bristol: The Policy Press.Google Scholar
  74. Sassen, S. (2012). Cities in a world economy. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  75. Skelton, T. & Valentine, G. (1998). Cool Places: Geographies of Youth Culture, New York, Routledge.Google Scholar
  76. Skelton, T. (2013). Young people’s urban Im/mobilities: Relationality and identity formation. Urban Studies, 50(3), 467–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Skelton, T., & Gough, K. (2013). Introduction: Young people’s Im/mobile urban geographies. Urban Studies, 50(3), 455–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Smith, N. (1993). Homeless/global: Scaling places. In J. Bird, B. Curtis, T. Putnam, G. Robertson, & L. Tickner (Eds.), Mapping the futures (pp. 87–119). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  79. Soja, E. (1989). Postmodern geographies. The reassertion of space in critical social theory. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  80. Thompson, R., Russell, L., & Simmons, R. (2013). Space, place and social exclusion: An ethnographic study of young people outside education and employment. Journal of Youth Studies, 17, 63–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Thrift, N. (2003). Space: The fundamental stuff of geography. In N. Clifford, S. Holloway, S. Rice, & G. Valentine (Eds.), Key concepts in geography (pp. 85–96). London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi/Singapore: Sage.Google Scholar
  82. Thrift, N. (2006). Space. Theory, Culture and Society, 23(2–3), 139–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Tucker, F., & Matthews, H. (2001). ‘They don’t like girls hanging around there’: Conflicts over recreational space in rural Northamptonshire. Area, 33(2), 161–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Urry, J. (2000). The sociology of space and place. In J. Blau (Ed.), The blackwell companion to sociology (pp. 3–15). Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  85. Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities. Polity Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  86. Valentine, G. (1996). Children should be seen and not heard: The production and transgression of adults’ public space. Urban Geography, 17(3), 205–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. van Blerk, L. (2013). New street geographies: The impact of urban governance on the mobilities of cape town’s street youth. Urban Studies, 50(3), 556–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. White, R. (1990). No space of their own. Young people and social control in Australia. Cambridge/Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  89. Wiborg, A. (2004). Place, nature and migration: Students’ attachment to their rural home places. Sociologia Ruralis, 44(4), 416–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Wierenga, A. (2009). Young people making a life. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  91. Wyn, J. & White, R. (1997). Rethinking Youth, Allen and Unwin, St Leonards.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia

Personalised recommendations