Encyclopedia of Educational Philosophy and Theory

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Critical Braiding Approach to Ethno[Mathematics]

  • Kori CzuyEmail author
  • Casey Eagle Speaker
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-532-7_648-2


Through the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) (2015), Canada has acknowledged the devastation to Indigenous peoples through colonization caused by residential schools that attempted to erase and eliminate Indigenous languages, cultures, and knowledge. Prior to the TRC, the Canadian government supported the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP 2007), in which, articles 35 and 36 recognize and validate multiple forms of scientific knowledge, including mathematics, through an Indigenous knowledge tradition.

Historically, the understanding of mathematics helped humans build relationships with the land (e.g., communities with agriculture and geometry), with animals (e.g., hunting with weapons and strategy), with the cosmos (e.g., navigation by stars), and among themselves (e.g., societal organization through harvest, rations, and trade), to better respond to natural and social variables (D’Ambrosio 2001). These relationships are...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Werklund School of Education, University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Kainai- Blood TribeAlbertaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Michelle M. Hogue
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada