can be seen as the perceptions and attitudes one holds toward one’s own body, especially, but not exclusively, one’s physical appearance (Cash and Pruzinsky
). It is a multidimensional concept and encompasses:
Beliefs about appearance, including memories and assumptions
Feelings about the body, including its size and shape
Perception of the body and the sense of embodiment
Body image is thought to be fluid and dynamic in nature and can be influenced by factors such as interpersonal experience, personality, and social and cultural norms.
Body image disturbance
is defined as a “disturbance in the way in which body weight or shape is experienced, with undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation or persistent lack of recognition of the seriousness of current low body weight” (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association
) and is a central diagnostic feature of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and eating disorders not otherwise...