The SCOFF Questionnaire
Living reference work entry
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The SCOFF is a self-report questionnaire that was developed as a screening measure for eating disorders (Morgan et al. 1999). Five questions were developed that were intended to address the core features of both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. These five questions were provided in the manuscript that first described the development of the SCOFF, thus the questionnaire is freely available to use. The acronym SCOFF relates to one of the words in each item, shown in bold in Table 1. Each of the questions is closed, so a yes or no response is all that is required. If there are two or more “yes” responses, then the person is considered to screen positive for a possible eating disorder, and further assessment is warranted.
The SCOFF items and scoring system
Do you make yourself Sick because you feel uncomfortably full?
Do you worry you have lost Control over how much you eat?
Have you recently lost more than One stone in a 3-month period?
Do you believe yourself to...
References and Further Reading
- Luck, A. J., Morgan, J. F., Reid, F., O’Brien, A., Brunton, J., Price, C., Perry, L., & Lacey, J. H. (2002). The SCOFF questionnaire and clinical interview for eating disorders in general practice: comparative study. British Medical Journal, 325(7367), 755–756.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Perry, L., Morgan, J. F., Reid, F., Brunton, J., O’Brien, A., Luck, A., …, & Lacey, J. H. (2002). Screening for symptoms of eating disorders: Reliability of the SCOFF screening tool with written compared to oral delivery. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 32, 466–472.Google Scholar