Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders

Living Edition
| Editors: Tracey Wade

Body Shape Questionnaire

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-087-2_212-1


The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) is a self-report questionnaire that was developed to measure concerns about body shape (Cooper et al. 1987). In the manuscript that described the development and validation of the BSQ, the 34 items (provided in Table 1) were included in the appendix, thus the questionnaire is freely available to use. The BSQ starts with the following phrase, “We should like to know how you have been feeling about your appearance over the PAST FOUR WEEKS. Please read each question and circle the appropriate number to the right. Please answer all the questions.” Each item is answered using a 6-point Likert scale: 1 (never), 2 (rarely), 3 (sometimes), 4 (often), 5 (very often), and 6 (always). The maximum score is 204, and a higher score indicates more dissatisfaction and discomfort with the body experience. It can be completed in around 10 min.
Table 1

Body Shape Questionnaire items




Has feeling bored made you brood about your shape?


Have you been...


Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) Eating Attitudes Test (EAT) Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ) Eating Disorders 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References and Further Reading

  1. Cooper, P., Taylor, M., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (1987). The development and validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 485–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dowson, J., & Henderson, L. (2001). The validity of a short version of the Body Shape Questionnaire. Psychiatry Research, 102, 263–271.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Evans, C., & Dolan, B. (1993). Body Shape Questionnaire: Derivation of shortened alternate forms. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 315–321.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Franko, D. L., Jenkins, A., Roehrig, J. P., Luce, K. H., Crowther, J. H., & Rodgers, R. H. (2012). Psychometric properties of measures of eating disorder risk in Latina college women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45(4), 592–596.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Probst, M., Pieters, G., & Vanderlinden, J. (2008). Evaluation of body experience questionnaires in eating disorders in female patients (AN/BN) and nonclinical participants. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(7), 657–665.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Warren, C. S., Cepeda-Benito, A., Gleaves, D. H., Moreno, S., Rodriguez, S., … Pearson, C. A. (2008). English and Spanish versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire: Measurement equivalence across ethnicity and clinical status. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41(3), 265–272.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PsychologyFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia