Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Berlin Aging Studies (BASE and BASE-II)

  • Julia A. M. Delius
  • Sandra Düzel
  • Denis Gerstorf
  • Ulman Lindenberger
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_44-1



The Berlin Aging Studies (BASE and BASE-II) are two consecutive studies of old age and aging with an interdisciplinary focus. The disciplines involved include psychology, psychiatry, geriatrics and internal medicine, genetics, sociology, and economics. The initial BASE data collection involved 14 sessions and took place in 1990–1993 with 516 men and women aged 70 to over 100 years. BASE-II currently involves five sessions with 1,600 older adults aged 60–80 years as well as 600 younger adults aged 20–35 years, who were assessed for the first time in 2011–2014.

The initial Berlin Aging Study (BASE) was launched in 1989. In 1990–1993, 516 women and men aged 70 to 100+ years and living in the former West Berlin completed an intensive protocol of 14 sessions that exhaustively assessed their physical and mental health, life histories, living conditions, and psychological status. Subsequently, seven longitudinal follow-up...


Episodic Memory Fluid Intelligence Theoretical Orientation Future Time Perspective Differential Aging 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia A. M. Delius
    • 1
  • Sandra Düzel
    • 1
  • Denis Gerstorf
    • 2
  • Ulman Lindenberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Lifespan PsychologyMax Planck Institute for Human DevelopmentBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany