Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Aphasia in Later Life

  • Linda WorrallEmail author
  • Tanya Rose
  • Caitlin Brandenburg
  • Alexia Rohde
  • Karianne Berg
  • Sarah J. Wallace
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_346-1

Synonyms

Definition

“Aphasia is an acquired selective impairment of language modalities and functions resulting from a focal brain lesion in the language-dominant hemisphere that affects the person’s communicative and social functioning, quality of life, and the quality of life of his or her relatives and caregivers” (Papathanasiou et al. 2013). This definition incorporates the main components of commonly accepted definitions of aphasia. Aphasia is an acquired disorder, not a developmental disorder. It is selective to the language pathways of the brain. Aphasia results when there is damage to the language-dominant hemisphere, usually the left hemisphere, and the most common cause of aphasia is stroke. Focal lesions that cause aphasia may also include brain tumor and head trauma, such as gunshot wounds. However, as Papathanasiou and colleagues (Papathanasiou et al. 2013) point out, the language difficulties sustained after a head injury may be intrinsically bound to...

Keywords

Language Impairment Receptive Language Language Modality Language Deficit Primary Progressive Aphasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Worrall
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tanya Rose
    • 1
  • Caitlin Brandenburg
    • 1
  • Alexia Rohde
    • 1
  • Karianne Berg
    • 2
  • Sarah J. Wallace
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of QueenslandSt Lucia, BrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway