Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

pp 1-6

Date: Latest Version

Memory: Implicit

  • Susanne MayrAffiliated withHeinrich Heine University DüsseldorfUniversity of Passau Email author 
  • , Jan Philipp RöerAffiliated withHeinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
  • , Axel BuchnerAffiliated withHeinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
  • , Raoul BellAffiliated withHeinrich Heine University Düsseldorf


Remembering without awareness; Unconscious remembering


Among memory researchers it is quite common to conceive of human memory as a collection of different memory systems. For instance, broad agreement exists that working memory (see the chapter on “Working Memory”) must be distinguished from long-term memory (see the chapters in “Memory:​ Autobiographical​,” “Memory:​ Episodic,” “Memory:​ Procedural,” and “Memory:​ Prospective”) and that these two memory systems are functionally distinct: They differ in terms of features such as the quantity of information they can hold and the time-span within which information is lost if it is not used.

In contrast, implicit memory is not meant to denote a memory system. Rather, it is merely a descriptive term that represents a particular way of measuring memory – although, as will be discussed further on, certain empirical findings have caused some researchers to suggest that implicit memory represents a memory system that is separable a ...

This is an excerpt from the content