Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Memory: Implicit

  • Susanne Mayr
  • Jan Philipp Röer
  • Axel Buchner
  • Raoul Bell
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_159-1



Among memory researchers it is quite common to conceive of human memory as a collection of different memory systems. For instance, broad agreement exists that working memory (see the chapter on “Working Memory”) must be distinguished from long-term memory (see the chapters in “Memory: Autobiographical,” “Memory: Episodic,” “Memory: Procedural,” and “Memory: Prospective”) and that these two memory systems are functionally distinct: They differ in terms of features such as the quantity of information they can hold and the time-span within which information is lost if it is not used.

In contrast, implicit memory is not meant to denote a memory system. Rather, it is merely a descriptive term that represents a particular way of measuring memory – although, as will be discussed further on, certain empirical findings have caused some researchers to suggest that implicit memory represents a memory system that is...


Memory Test Memory System Implicit Memory Explicit Memory Memory Measure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Mayr
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jan Philipp Röer
    • 1
  • Axel Buchner
    • 1
  • Raoul Bell
    • 1
  1. 1.Heinrich Heine University DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany
  2. 2.University of PassauPassauGermany