Encyclopedia of Geropsychology

Living Edition
| Editors: Nancy A. Pachana

Memory: Episodic

  • Yee Lee ShingEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-080-3_151-1



Episodic memory refers to memory about events that are bound to particular times and places in the past. It is a type of long-term memory containing information from the past (ranging from minutes to decades ago) that can be recalled explicitly (hence also called explicit or declarative memory). A core part of our identity is rooted in the ability to mentally travel back in time and reexperience past events. For example, to remember what happened on your last birthday is episodic memory.

Episodic remembering is a conscious retrieval process, such that an individual attempts to reconstruct the past personal experience. It can be accompanied by specific contextual details of the episode, generally referred as recollection, or only based on the feeling of remembering without recovering specific details, generally referred as familiarity. While most of the time retrieval of past experience can be achieved reliably,...


Memory Performance Episodic Memory False Memory Interindividual Difference Late Life 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human DevelopmentBerlinGermany