Skip to main content

Schooling Education in Mauritius

Negotiated Connectivities

Part of the Global Education Systems book series (GES)

Abstract

Mauritius bears the hallmarks of being complementarily a country of eastern and western worldviews, ethnically, linguistically, and religiously borrowing traditions from its diverse heritages. It is a country of both Asian and African cultural, political, historical, and institutional connections. Developments in its educational landscape have thus been shaped by and resonate with historical and current experiences within the Southeast Asian region. Drawing on available (2018) official reports and policies of the Mauritian Government, especially the Ministry of Education and Human Resources, Tertiary Education and Scientific Research (MoEHRTESR), and the work of current doctoral students engaged with developing scoping reviews of the forces shaping Mauritius’ schooling system, this chapter showcases how this small island developing state (SIDS) has strategically renegotiated its connectivities with its local, regional, and global partners throughout its formative history. It argues that while policy construction initially involved alignment with advice and directives from multinational organizations that exported their preferred conceptions of education and development to the island, over time, this agenda was challenged to become more inclusive of indigenously connected local resources. We analyze Mauritius’ polyglot schooling typologies and structures, shifting curriculum, language educational policy options, and ICT choices as a strategic educational lever for development and offer a historical theoretical lens for the construction of Mauritius as a SIDS. Furthermore, we question whether, through their partners, national state authorities can activate the required epistemic and practical resources to enact policy change and implementation that is the product of creativity, innovation, and research informed critique.

Keywords

  • Mauritius schooling
  • Small island developing states (SIDS)
  • Educational (curriculum) policy reform
  • Information technology
  • Language-in-education
  • Decoloniality

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  • Ankiah-Gangadeen, A., & Nadal, P. (2018). Relocating social justice in the policy-pedagogy-research nexus: Insights from the Mauritian language-in-education policy. Paper presented at the South African Educational Research Association Conference, Pretoria, South Africa, 22–24 October 2018.

    Google Scholar 

  • Appadoo-Ramsamy, W. (2018). Teacher agency: A case study of Mauritius. Unpublished Ph.D. in progress, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Asgarally, I. (Ed.). (1997). Etude pluridisplinaire sur l’exclusion à Maurice. State House: Presidency of the Republic of Mauritius.

    Google Scholar 

  • Auleeaar-Owodally, A. M. (2011). Juggling languages: A case study of preschool teachers’ language choices and practices in Mauritius. International Journal of Multilingualism, 9(3), 235–256.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Auleear-Owodally, A. M. (2012). Exposing pre-schoolers to the printed word: A case study of preschool teachers in Mauritius. Journal of Childhood Literacy, 13(1), 52–97.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bouzermaurice Mauritius. (2010). Education – Elections Legislatives (generales) – General (National Assembly Elections) -Elections – tableau comparatif-Comparaison-Comparison: Government Programme- Programme Gouvernemental Alliance de l’Avenir (PTR-MSM-PMSD) versus Alliance du Coeur (MMM-UN-MMSD). Available via https://bouzermaurice.wordpress.com/2010/04/26/education-elections-legislatives-generales-general-national-assembly-elections-elections-comparaison-comparison-government-programme-programme-gouvernemental-alliance-de-lavenir-ptr-msm/. Accessed 26 Apr 2010.

  • Bray, M. (2009). Confronting the shadow education system: What government policies for what private tutoring? Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Publishing, International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). ISBN: 978-92-803-1333-8.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bunwaree, S. (1994). Mauritian education in a global economy. Rose-Hill: Editions de l’Océan Indien Ltée.

    Google Scholar 

  • Canagarajah, A. S., & Wurr, A. J. (2011). Multilingual communication and language acquisition: New research directions. The Reading Matrix, 11(1), 1–15.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carpooran, A. (2011). Lortograf Kreol Morisien. Akademi Kreol Morisien, Ministry of Education and Human Resources. Available via https://ministry-education.govmu.org/English/educationsector/Documents/Lortograf%20Kreol%20Mirisien.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Chakrabarti, S. (2012). Moving beyond Edward said: Homi Bhabha and the problem of postcolonial representation. International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 14(1), 5–21. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10223-012-0051-3.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chapman, G. P., & Baker, K. M. (Eds.). (2002). The changing geography of Asia. New York: Taylor & Francis e-Library.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chooneea, S. (2004, February 20). Langues Orientales au CPE 2004. Le Mauricien, p. 2.

    Google Scholar 

  • DeSousa Santos, B. (2014). Epistemologies of the south: Justice against epistemicide. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fraser, N. (2009). Scales of justice: Reimagining political space in a globalizing world. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Government of Mauritius. (1856). Education Ordinance 1856. Available via http://ministry-education.govmu.org/English/legislations/Documents/Education%20Act%201957.pdf. Accessed 01 Mar 2019.

  • Government of Mauritius. (1976). The Private Secondary Schools Authority Act 1976. Available via http://ministry-education.govmu.org/English/legislations/Documents/PSSA%20Act%201976.pdf. Accessed 01 Mar 2019.

  • Houbert, J. (1981). Mauritius: Independence and dependence. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 19(1), 75–105. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X00054136.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Human Resource Development Council. (2009). National Human Resource Development Plan. Available via https://www.hrdc.mu/index.php/downloads/category/13-nhrdp-2-2009. Accessed 07 Nov 2019.

  • Jules, T. D., & Ressler, P. (Eds.). (2017). Re-reading educational policy and practice in small states: Issues of size and scale in the emerging “intelligent society” and economy. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

    Google Scholar 

  • Korlapu-Bungaree, R., & Jean-Francois, E. B. (2012). The introduction of Mauritian Kreol in the national curriculum: Moving from social justice strategy towards bilingual/multilingual education. Paper presented at MA Education Research Conference, University of Brighton: Mauritius Institute of Education, Reduit, Mauritius.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kumar, D. (2012). Genomics and health in the developing world (p. 889). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lowenthal, D. (1987). Social features. In C. Clarke & T. Payne (Eds.), Politics, security and development in small states (pp. 26–49). London: Allen & Urwin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mahadeo-Doorgakant, Y. (2017). The development of the linguistic repertoire of primary school learners within the Mauritian multilingual educational system. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mann, M. (2014). South Asia’s modern history: Thematic perspectives. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mariaye, H. (2016). Postcolonial education development in Mauritius. In M. Samuel & H. Mariaye (Eds.), Continuity, complexity and change: Teacher education in Mauritius (pp. 1–18). Champaign: Common Ground Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mauritius Institute of Education. (2018a). Early digital learning programme (EDLP) training of educators. Unpublished report.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mauritius Institute of Education. (2018b). Sankore: Report on Early digital learning programme (EDLP) training (phase 3). Unpublished report.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mauritius National Assembly. (2011). October 25 Fifth National Assembly Parliamentary Debates. Debate (No. 19). Available via http://mauritiusassembly.govmu.org/English/hansard/Pages/. Accessed 04 Nov 2018.

  • McNess, E., Arthur, L., & Crossley, M. (2015). ‘Ethnographic dazzle’ and the construction of the ‘other’: Revisiting dimensions of insider and outsider research for international and comparative education. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 45(2), 295–316. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2013.854616.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mignolo, W. (2011). Epistemic disobedience and the decolonial option: A manifesto. Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World, 1(2). Available via http://escholarship.org/uc/item/62j3w283. Accessed 17 Apr 2017.

  • Ministry of Education & Human Resource Development, Mauritius. (1998). Action plan of Mauritius.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Education & Human Resources, Mauritius. (2011). Educational statistics. Available via https://web.archive.org/web/2120121021010500/http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/cso/ei921/educate.pdf. Accessed 21 Oct 2012.

  • Ministry of Education & Scientific Research, Mauritius. (2001). Ending the rat race in primary education and breaking the admission bottleneck at secondary level: The way forward. Available via https://national-library.govmu.org/English/Documents/Digit-Coll/edu1.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture, Mauritius. (1990). Master plan. Green paper on nine year education. Port Louis: Ministry of Educaton.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ministry of Education Human Resources, Tertiary Education & Scientific Research, Mauritius. (2014). Education reforms in action: 2008–2014. Available via http://ministryeducation.govmu.org/English/Documents/EDUCATION%20REPORT%20in%20Action%2002.9.14.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Ministry of Education Human Resources, Tertiary Education & Scientific Research, Mauritius. (2016). Towards a quality curriculum. Available via http://ministryeducation.govmu.org/English/Documents/Publications/new_curr06.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Ministry of Education, Human Resources, Tertiary Education & Scientific Research, Mauritius. (2017). The nine year continuous basic education. Available via http://ministry-education.govmu.org/English/educationsector/nys/Documents/Presentation_PRESS_NN_19August2015pdf.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Ministry of Finance & Economic Development. (2011). 2011 Population census-main results. Available via http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/CensusandSurveys/Documents/ESI/pop2011.pdf. Accessed 04 Nov 2018.

  • Mundi. (2018). Mauritian population. Available via http://www.indexmundi.com/mauritius/population.html. Accessed 04 Nov 2018.

  • Oojorah, V. A. (2018). A study of the design principles used to digitize the primary school curriculum at the Mauritius Institute of Education: An autoethnography. Unpublished Ph.D., University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oozeerally, S. (2012). Mondialisation, chaos, écologie, Maurice: Vers une autre sociolinguistique. Unpublished article.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paul, L. (2018). Dropping out of school: Life experiences of Mauritian learners. Unpublished Ph.D. in progress, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Paviot, L. C. (2015). Private tuition in Kenya and Mauritius: Policies, practices and parents’ perceptions examined from an ecological systems perspective. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University College London, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Payneeandy, V. (2018). Being inclusive? Lived experiences of prevocational students in a mainstream school in Mauritius. Unpublished Ph.D. in progress, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rajah-Carrim, A. (2005). Language use and attitudes in Mauritius on the basis of the 2000 population census. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 26(4), 317–332.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ramtohul, P. (2018). Policymakers’ constructions of information communication technology in primary education: A case study of Mauritius. Unpublished Ph.D. in progress, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Republic of Mauritius. (2018). Education statistics. Available via http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/Publications/Pages/Edu_Stats_Yr2017.aspx. Accessed 03 Nov 2018.

  • Richards, J. (1982). Politics in small, independent communities: Conflict or consensus? Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics, 20(2), 155–171.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, K. (2011). Out of our minds: Learning to be creative. Chichester: Capstone Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rughoonundun-Chellapermal, N. (2007). Famille, enfant, école: Les représentations de l’école et de l’écrit d’enfants entrant dans l’écrit en langues étrangères. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, France.

    Google Scholar 

  • Samuel, M., & Mariaye, H. (2014). De-colonising international partnerships: The UKZN-Mauritius Institute of Education PhD programme. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 44(4), 501–521. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2013.795100.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Samuel, M., & Mariaye, H. (Eds.). (2016). Continuity, complexity and change: Teacher education in Mauritius. Champaign: Common Ground Publishing.

    Google Scholar 

  • Samuel, M., & Mariaye, H. (2017). From a distance: Small island states and their global partners. In T. D. Jules & P. Ressler (Eds.), Is “small” always small and “big” always big? Re-reading educational policy and practice in small states (pp. 173–193). Frankfurt: Peter Lang Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sauzier-Uchida, E. (2009). Language choice in multilingual Mauritius: National unity and socioeconomic advancement. Journal of Liberal Arts, 126, 99–130.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sium, A., Desai, C., & Ritskes, E. (2012). Towards the ‘tangible unknown’: Decolonization and the indigenous future. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), i–xiii.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sonck, G. (2005). Language of instruction and instructed languages in Mauritius. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 26(1), 37–51.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Southern African Legal Information Institute. Bishop of Roman Catholic Diocese of Port Louis & Ors v. Tengur & Ors (Mauritius) (2004) UKPC. Available via http://www.saflii.org/mu/cases/UKPC/2004/9.html. Accessed 04 Nov 2018.

  • Spivak, G. C. (2016). Humanities, democracy and the politics of knowledge in higher education. In M. A. Samuel, R. Dhunpath, & N. Amin (Eds.), Disrupting higher education: Undoing our cognitive damage (pp. 17–30). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Statistics Mauritius. (2018). Population and Vital Statistics – Jan-June 2018. Available via http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/Publications/Pages/Pop_Vital_Jan-Jun18.aspx. Accessed 10 Jan 2019.

  • Tirvassen, R. (1999). La problématique du choix des langues d’enseignement dans des pays indépendants: L’anglais dans la politique de l’école mauricienne. DiversCité: Langues, IV. Available via http://www.teluq.uquebec.ca/diverscite/entree.htm. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Tirvassen, R. (2011). Curriculum et besoins langagiers en zone d’éducation linguistique plurielle. In P. Martinez, M. Miled, & R. Tirvassen (Eds.), Le français dans le monde (pp. 104–114). Paris: CLE International.

    Google Scholar 

  • UNDP. (2017). Mauritius SDG roadmap. Available via http://www.sustainablesids.org/knowledgebase/undp-mauritius-roadmap-for-sdg-implementation-2017. Accessed 01 Mar 2019.

  • UNESCO. (2010/2011). World data on education (2010–2011). Available via http://www.ibe.unesco/org/fileadmin/user_upload/Publications/WDE/2010/pdf-versions/Mauritius.pdf. Accessed 24 June 2012.

  • UNESCO. (2015). National EFA 2015 review report Mauritius. Available via https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000231077. Accessed 01 Mar 2019.

  • United Nations (Mauritius). (2017). The Mauritian experience with SDG: Tracing our journey from the post-2015 consultation. Available via https://www.undp.org/content/dam/mauritius_and_seychelles/docs/Procurement/2017/Sept2017/TOREnvironment/UNDP-%20Mauritian%20Experience%20with%20SDGs.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2018.

  • Walker, M., & Unterhalter, E. (2007). The capability approach: Its potential for work in education. In M. Walker & E. Unterhalter (Eds.), Amartya Sen’s capability approach and social justice in education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • World Bank. (2018). Open data (Mauritius). Available via https://data.worldbank.org/country/mauritius. Accessed 05 Nov 2018.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hyleen Mariaye .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Section Editor information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2020 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Samuel, M.A., Mariaye, H. (2020). Schooling Education in Mauritius. In: Sarangapani, P., Pappu, R. (eds) Handbook of Education Systems in South Asia. Global Education Systems. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3309-5_54-1

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3309-5_54-1

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-13-3309-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-13-3309-5

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference EducationReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences