Constitutional Features of Presidential Elections and the Failure of Cross-ethnic Coalitions to Institutionalize

  • M. Bashir MobasherEmail author
Reference work entry


This chapter studies the constitutional features of Afghan presidential elections and their impact on coalition-building. Based on the constitution, Afghan presidential elections are candidate-centric, zero-sum games, prone to pre-electoral bargaining, majoritarian, double ballots, religiously exclusive, and constrained by electoral cycles, as well as presidential term limits. Examining the presidential electoral features, this chapter argues that they do not have unidirectional impacts on coalition-building: some electoral features incentivize the formation of cross-ethnic coalitions, while others hinder their institutionalization. Therefore, while some function as constructive features, others are obstructive to coalition-building. This chapter proposes that the obstructive features of presidential elections can be remedied through institutional designs. The remedies proposed in this chapter include holding concurrent elections and adopting nomination thresholds.


Presidential elections Electoral features Cross-ethnic Coalition-building 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceAmerican University of AfghanistanKabulAfghanistan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Paul Carnegie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Government, Development & International AffairsThe University of the South PacificSuvaFiji

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