Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Gough and Inaccessible Islands, British Overseas Territory

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_950

This site is situated in the Tristan da Cunha Islands, a British overseas territory in the South Atlantic Ocean that is far to the southwest of Cape Town, South Africa. After an extension in 2004, its core protection area increased to 79 km2. The site displays nearly undisturbed island ecology and marine ecosystems in cold temperate zones. The spectacular cliffs on Gough Island and Inaccessible Island stand tall above the sea, protecting the area from the invasion of exotic species, which has enabled it to become one of largest seabird colonies in the world. Gough Island is the habitat for two endemic land birds, gough moorhens and rovia, and 12 endemic plants. Inaccessible Island boasts 2 types of endemic birds, 8 types of endemic plants and at least 10 endemic invertebrates.

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