Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Geological Structure as Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_812

The geological structure of a location controls the types and forms of the natural landscape. Loess plateaus and sandstone and karst peaks form in stable crust and horizontal rock strata. Intense deformation occurs in the fault zones of geosynclines, forming tall mountains, glacial landscapes and canyons, which are excellent nature-based tourism resources. In the depressions formed by deformation of a platform, thick layers of terrestrial sediments can be deposited to form sandstone and conglomerate or be intruded by volcanic or other intrusive rocks to form natural landscapes, such as Danxia landforms and fault-block and granitic mountains.

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