Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Fish Fossil

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_712

This is a collective term for fossils of all Ichthyolites. Fish are aquatic vertebrates of a wide range of species, including Agnatha, Placodermi, Chondrichthyes, Acanthodii and modern Placodermi. After hundreds of millions of years of evolution, fish flourished and dominated during the Devonian, and this period is called the ‘Era of Fish’. Devonian fish are mainly distributed in eastern Yunnan, central Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi Provinces. They are well preserved in sandstone and siltstone. However, the Early Mesozoic Chondrichthyes only have fossils of teeth, scales and fins. Fossils of Late Mesozoic Osteichthyes are common and can be found in many places, such as the Late Jurassic Lycoptera and Sinamia in northern China and the Middle Triassic Sinoengnathus kueichowensis in Guizhou. Cenozoic fish fossils are mainly found in the middle Yangtze River Basin, such as the Palaeogene Jianghanichthys hubeiensis and Ling Jiang fish, which were found in western Hubei Province and...

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