Dushan Jade Deposit, Nanyang, Henan
Reference work entry
This is a jade deposit in which the ore is distributed throughout an allanite mass. A single mountain composed of allanite, called ‘Dushan (meaning Isolated Hill)’, is located approximately 9 km northeast of Nanyang City, Henan Province, and it contains the Dushan jade deposit. The jade ore veins of the deposit spread throughout a zone of crushed gabbro. The jade has a delicate texture, and the mineral composition varies. Jade with six colours, including white, green, purple, yellow, red and black, has been mined from the deposit. The raw jade ores can be classified into more than 80 species. Dushan jade products have been found among the jade carvings in the ‘Yin Ruins’ in Anyang. The site of ‘Yujiesi (Jade Street Temple)’ from the Han Dynasty is located at Shagangdian, at the foot of southeastern Dushan. Nanyang jade carvings were sold overseas in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The jade mining and carving industry in Dushan expanded greatly during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The...
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