Coastal Landform Landscape
Reference work entry
Coastal landform landscape is a general term for landscapes formed by marine forces along the coast. Based on the formation causes and materials, coastal landforms can be divided into bedrock coasts, sandy coasts, biological coasts, muddy coasts, and embankment and sandy island coasts. During the formation process, coastal landform landscape is created by the actions of waves, tides, ocean currents and longshore drift which are hinging on the geomorphology of the coast and land (including the slope gradient and contours), geologic structures, sea level changes, river actions and biological effects. The main landforms include erosion features, such as wave-cut cliffs, wave-cut platforms and sea caves; and depositional features, such as sand beaches, sand bars and sand embankments. These landforms are important tourism resources (Figs. 39, 40).
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020