Xiangyang Phosphate Ore Deposit, Hubei
Reference work entry
Along with Kunyang and Kaiyang, the Xiangyang phosphate ore deposit is one of the three largest phosphate ore deposits in China. It is located in Zhongxiang and Yicheng Counties, Hubei Province. The location is under the administration of two district-level cities: Jingzhou City and Xiangyang City. Hence, the deposit is called the ‘Jingxiang phosphate deposit’ or the ‘Xiangyang phosphate deposit’. The district is now a large-scale raw material base for the phosphorous fertiliser industry. The ore bodies are marine sedimentary lamellae in phosphate rock in the lower part of the Upper Sinian Doushantuo Formation. The entire phosphorus-bearing rock sequence is more than 200 m thick. The ores and minerals of the deposit are mainly collophane with a small amount of fluorapatite. The deposit supports a mixed silicon-calcium ore industry in the area (Fig. 2).
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